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华为路由交换由浅入深系列(三): RIP简单配置、路由汇总、认证、重分布静态

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-03-24 11:27 出处:51CTO 作者:网络之路blo
掌握目标一、基本IP地址配置二、配置RIPV1三、配置RIPV2四、重分布静态路由五、手工汇总路由六、明文与MD5认证拓扑一实验配置如下:一、基本配置:R1:interface Serial1/0/0ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0interface LoopBack0ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0R2:interface S

掌握目标

一、基本IP地址配置

二、配置RIPV1

三、配置RIPV2

四、重分布静态路由

五、手工汇总路由

六、明文与MD5认证

拓扑一

华为路由交换由浅入深系列(三): RIP简单配置、路由汇总、认证、重分布静态

实验配置如下:

一、基本配置:

R1:

interface Serial1/0/0

ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0

interface LoopBack0

ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0

R2:

interface Serial1/0/0

ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0

interface Serial2/0/0

ip address 10.0.23.2 255.255.255.0

interface LoopBack0

ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0

R3:

interface Serial2/0/0

ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0

interface LoopBack0

ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0

测试:

[R2]ping 10.0.12.1

PING 10.0.12.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

Reply from 10.0.12.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=20 ms

Reply from 10.0.12.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=10 ms

Reply from 10.0.12.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=10 ms

[R2]ping 10.0.23.3

PING 10.0.23.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=20 ms

Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=20 ms

Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=10 ms

二、配置RIPv1协议

R1:

[R1]rip 1 ===启用RIP进程

[R1-rip-1]network 10.0.0.0 ===宣告网络到RIP进程

R2:

[R2]rip

[R2-rip-1]network 10.0.0.0

R3:

[R3]rip

[R3-rip-1]network 10.0.0.0

[R1]display ip routing-table protocol rip ====查看路由表中RIP路由

Route Flags: R – relay, D – download to fib

——————————————————————————

Public routing table : RIP

Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

RIP routing table status :

Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

10.0.3.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

10.0.23.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

测试:

[R1]ping 10.0.23.3

PING 10.0.23.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=30 ms

Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=254 time=20 ms

[R1]ping 10.0.3.3

PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=10 ms

Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=254 time=10 ms

Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=254 time=10 ms

debugging rip 1 ====开启RIP调试信息,必须在用户视图开启

terminal debugging

terminal monitor

display debugging rip ====查看开启debug功能

RIP Process id: 1

Debugs ON: SEND, RECEIVE, PACKET, TIMER, EVENT, BRIEF,

JOB, ROUTE-PROCESSING, ERROR,

REPLAY-PROTECT, GR

May 14 2014 13:15:09.866.1-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13414: RIP 1: Receiving v1 response on Serial1/0/0 from 10.0.12.2 with 3 RTEs

May 14 2014 13:15:09.866.2-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13465: RIP 1: Receive response from 10.0.12.2 on Serial1/0/0

May 14 2014 13:15:09.866.3-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13476: Packet: Version 1, Cmd response, Length 64

May 14 2014 13:15:09.866.4-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13527: Dest 10.0.2.0, Cost 1

undo debug rip 1 ====关闭RIP debug功能

undo debug all ====关闭所有debug功能

三、配置RIPv2协议

[R1]rip 1

[R1-rip-1]version 2

[R2]rip 1

[R2-rip-1]version 2

[R3]rip 1

[R3-rip-1]version 2

[R1]display ip routing-table protocol rip

Route Flags: R – relay, D – download to fib

——————————————————————————

Public routing table : RIP

Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

RIP routing table status :

Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

10.0.3.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

10.0.23.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

RIP routing table status :

Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

测试:

debugging rip 1 event

debugging rip 1 packet

undo debugging all

May 14 2014 13:31:30.266.2-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13476: Packet: Version 2, Cmd response, Length 24

May 14 2014 13:31:30.266.3-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13546: Dest 10.0.1.0/24, Nexthop 0.0.0.0, Cost 1, Tag 0

May 14 2014 13:31:42.106.1-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13465: RIP 1: Receive response from 10.0.12.2 on Serial1/0/0

May 14 2014 13:31:42.106.2-05:13 R1 RIP/7/DBG: 6: 13476: Packet: Version 2, Cmd response, Length 64

四、RIP中重分布静态路由

[R3]int lo 1

[R3-LoopBack1]ip add 172.16.3.3 24

ping -c 3 172.16.3.3

PING 172.16.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

Request time out

Request time out

Request time out

[R2]ip route-static 172.16.3.0 24 10.0.23.3

[R2]rip 1

[R2-rip-1]import-route static ====RIP进程中重分布静态路由

R1>display ip routing-table protocol rip | in 172

Route Flags: R – relay, D – download to fib

——————————————————————————

Public routing table : RIP

Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

RIP routing table status :

Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

172.16.3.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

拓扑二

华为路由交换由浅入深系列(三): RIP简单配置、路由汇总、认证、重分布静态

一、基本配置

R3:

interface LoopBack1

ip address 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0

interface LoopBack2

ip address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0

interface LoopBack3

ip address 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0

interface LoopBack4

ip address 172.16.3.1 255.255.255.0

二、配置RIPv2

R1:

[R1]rip 1

[R1-rip-1]version 2

[R1-rip-1]network 10.0.0.0

R2:

[R2]rip 1

[R2-rip-1]version 2

[R2-rip-1]network 10.0.0.0

R3:

[R3]rip 1

[R3-rip-1]version 2

[R3-rip-1]net 10.0.0.0

[R3-rip-1]net 172.16.0.0

R1]display ip routing-table protocol rip

Route Flags: R – relay, D – download to fib

——————————————————————————

Public routing table : RIP

Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

RIP routing table status : 

Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

10.0.3.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

10.0.23.0/24 RIP 100 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

172.16.0.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

172.16.1.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

172.16.2.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

172.16.3.0/24 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

RIP routing table status : 

Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

三、配置手工路由汇总

[R2]int s1/0/0

[R2-Serial1/0/0]rip summary-address 172.16.0.0 255.255.0.0

测试

display ip routing-table protocol rip | in 172

Route Flags: R – relay, D – download to fib

——————————————————————————

Public routing table : RIP

Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

RIP routing table status : 

Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

172.16.0.0/16 RIP 100 2 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

四、配置明文与MD5认证

R1与R2明文认证:

interface Serial1/0/0

rip authentication-mode simple cisco

interface Serial1/0/0

rip authentication-mode simple cisco

interface Serial2/0/0

rip authentication-mode md5 usual cisco

interface Serial2/0/0

rip authentication-mode md5 usual cisco

测试:

[R1]int s1/0/0

[R1-Serial1/0/0]rip authentication-mode simple huawei

debugging rip 1

terminal monitor

Info: Current terminal monitor is on.

terminal debugging

reset ip routing-table statistics protocol rip ====清除RIP路由表信息

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