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1-3、ping 和tracert 命令的使用

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-03-06 13:31 出处:51CTO 作者:Dockerhadoop
ping 和tracert 命令的使用

1-3、ping 和tracert 命令的使用

1-3、ping 和tracert 命令的使用

C:\>ping 192.168.0.1

Pinging 192.168.0.1 with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 192.168.0.1: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=64

Reply from 192.168.0.1: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=64

Reply from 192.168.0.1: bytes=32 time=5ms TTL=64

Reply from 192.168.0.1: bytes=32 time=2ms TTL=64

Ping statistics for 192.168.0.1:

Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),

Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:

Minimum = 2ms, Maximum = 12ms, Average = 7ms

C:\>

TTL有3个值,64 , 128 , 255

对应的OS Linux , windows, router

其实这是不准确的,可以修改注册表的值来改变TTL的值

C:\>ping www.baidu.com

Pinging www.a.shifen.com [14.215.177.39] with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 14.215.177.39: bytes=32 time=10ms TTL=54

Reply from 14.215.177.39: bytes=32 time=10ms TTL=54

Reply from 14.215.177.39: bytes=32 time=10ms TTL=54

Reply from 14.215.177.39: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=54

Ping statistics for 14.215.177.39:

Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),

Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:

Minimum = 10ms, Maximum = 16ms, Average = 11ms

C:\>

ping www.baidu.com 其TTL值是54 ,64-54=10 ,所以我的这个电脑访问百度经过了10个路由器

可以用tracert来验证其是不是经过10个路由器,从以下结果可以知道是经过10路由器,但是不包含最后一个路由器的。

C:\>tracert www.baidu.com

Tracing route to www.a.shifen.com [14.215.177.39]

over a maximum of 30 hops:

1 2 ms 1 ms 9 ms 192.168.0.1

2 7 ms 3 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1

3 6 ms 9 ms 11 ms 100.64.0.1

4 7 ms 4 ms 7 ms 113.106.42.53

5 9 ms 5 ms 7 ms 17.107.38.59.broad.fs.gd.dynamic.163data.com.cn [59.38.107.17]

6 20 ms 4 ms 16 ms 202.105.158.73

7 13 ms 14 ms 26 ms 113.96.4.66

8 Request timed out.

9 10 ms 8 ms 20 ms 14.29.121.202

10 Request timed out.

11 23 ms 7 ms 8 ms 14.215.177.39

Trace complete.

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