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CCNP(BCMSN)实验:GLBP多组综合实验(路由器)

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-10-26 10:18 出处:51CTO 作者:starshomes
在路由器上配置GLBP多组综合实验

CCNP(BCMSN)实验:GLBP多组综合实验(路由器)

目的:为了使pc有良好的上网环境,我们给pc配置了网关冗余,R1和R3有一个挂掉时,不影响它们。

第一步:配置各个路由器使全网互通

第二步:配置R1和R3

R1上的配置

track 100 interface FastEthernet0/0 line-protocol

interface FastEthernet0/1

ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0

no ip redirects

no ip proxy-arp

duplex auto

speed auto

glbp 1 ip 192.168.1.253

glbp 1 priority 105

glbp 1 preempt

glbp 1 weighting track 100 //GLBP的track和vrrp有些不同

glbp 2 ip 192.168.1.254

glbp 2 preempt

R3上的配置

track 100 interface FastEthernet0/0 line-protocol

interface FastEthernet0/1

ip address 192.168.1.3 255.255.255.0

no ip redirects

no ip proxy-arp

duplex auto

speed auto

glbp 1 ip 192.168.1.253

glbp 1 preempt

glbp 2 ip 192.168.1.254

glbp 2 priority 105

glbp 2 preempt

glbp 2 weighting track 100

第二步:测试

  1. 先测试R1

R1上出现的情况:

R1(config)#int f0/1

R1(config-if)#sh

May 3 11:15:37.491: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 Fwd 1 state Active -> Init

May 3 11:15:37.495: %GLBP-6-STATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 state Active -> Init

*May 3 11:15:37.495: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 Fwd 1 state Active -> Init

//组1和2同时进入了初始化状态

R1(config-if)#no sh

*May 3 11:15:59.327: %GLBP-6-STATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 state Speak -> Active

R1(config-if)#int f0/0

R1(config-if)#sh

R1(config-if)#no sh

*May 3 11:16:29.335: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 Fwd 1 state Listen -> Active

R3上出现的情况

*May 3 11:15:47.179: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 Fwd 1 state Listen -> Active

*May 3 11:15:47.243: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 Fwd 1 state Listen -> Active

//当R1的接口挂掉时,R3成为了组1和组2的active路由器

Pc4上出现的情况:

pc4#ping 2.2.2.2 re 33333333

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 33333333, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2.2.2.2, timeout is 2 seconds:

.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.....!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.!.!.!.!.!.!.!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.

Success rate is 97 percent (600/615), round-trip min/avg/max = 20/70/344 ms

  1. 在测试R3

    R3上出现的情况

    R3(config)#int f0/1

    R3(config-if)#sh

    May 3 11:23:38.711: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 Fwd 2 state Active -> Init

    May 3 11:23:38.711: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 Fwd 2 state Active -> Init

    *May 3 11:23:38.715: %GLBP-6-STATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 state Active -> Init

R3(config-if)#no sh

*May 3 11:24:00.263: %GLBP-6-STATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 state Speak -> Active

R3(config-if)#int f0/0

R3(config-if)#sh

R3(config-if)#no sh

*May 3 11:24:29.323: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 Fwd 2 state Listen -> Active

R1上出现的情况

*May 3 11:23:46.407: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 Fwd 2 state Listen -> Active

May 3 11:23:48.299: %GLBP-6-STATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 state Standby -> Active

May 3 11:23:48.299: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 Fwd 2 state Listen -> Active

*May 3 11:24:00.391: %GLBP-6-STATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 state Active -> Speak

May 3 11:24:28.503: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 2 Fwd 2 state Active -> Listen

May 3 11:24:29.439: %GLBP-6-FWDSTATECHANGE: FastEthernet0/1 Grp 1 Fwd 2 state Active -> Listen

Pc5上出现的情况

pc5#ping 2.2.2.2 re 22222222

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 22222222, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2.2.2.2, timeout is 2 seconds:

!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!...

..!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.!.!.!.!.!.!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.

Success rate is 97 percent (579/593), round-trip min/avg/max = 24/67/1080 ms

Over

敬请期待以下文档

CCNP(BCMSN)实验:GLBP多组综合实验(路由器)

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