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用TensorFlow搭建网络训练、验证并测试

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-07-23 12:09 出处:网络 作者:运维开发网整理
原文连接  https://blog.csdn.net/yutingzhaomeng/article/details/81708261 本文总结tensorflow使用的相关方法,包括: 0、定义网络输入 1、如何利用tensorflow在已有网络入resnet基础上搭建自己的网络结构 2、如何添加自己的网络层 3、如何导入已有模块入resnet全连接层之前部分的参数 4、定义网络损失 5、定义优

原文连接  https://blog.csdn.net/yutingzhaomeng/article/details/81708261

本文总结tensorflow使用的相关方法,包括:

0、定义网络输入

1、如何利用tensorflow在已有网络入resnet基础上搭建自己的网络结构

2、如何添加自己的网络层

3、如何导入已有模块入resnet全连接层之前部分的参数

4、定义网络损失

5、定义优化算子以及衰减优化算子

6、预测网络输出

7、保存网络模型

8、自定义生成训练batch

9、训练网络

10、利用tensorboard可视化训练过程

 

0、定义网络输入

inputs = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, 224, 224, 3], name=‘inputs‘)

labels = tf.placeholder(tf.int32, [None], name=‘lables‘)

is_training = tf.placeholder(tf.bool, name=‘is_training‘)

    这里inputs表示输入数据,labels表示对应的label,is_training主要用于区分如drop和batchnorm层的训练测试阶段。

1、如何利用tensorflow在已有网络入resnet基础上搭建自己的网络结构

with slim.arg_scope(nets.resnet_v1.resnet_arg_scope()):

if config.TRAIN.net_layer == ‘50‘:

logits, endpoints = nets.resnet_v1.resnet_v1_50(inputs, num_classes=None, is_training=is_training)

if config.TRAIN.net_layer == ‘101‘:

logits, endpoints = nets.resnet_v1.resnet_v1_101(inputs, num_classes=None, is_training=is_training)

if config.TRAIN.net_layer == ‘152‘:

logits, endpoints = nets.resnet_v1.resnet_v1_152(inputs, num_classes=None, is_training=is_training)

    以resnet为例,logits表示bottleneck特征,num_classes设置为None表示取bottleneck特征。

2、如何添加自己的网络层

with tf.variable_scope(‘Logits‘):

logits = tf.squeeze(logits, axis=[1,2])

logits = slim.dropout(logits, keep_prob=0.5, scope=‘scope‘)

logits = slim.fully_connected(logits, num_outputs=config.DATASET.num_classes, activation_fn=None, scope=‘fc‘)

    这里有一个scope,后面我们会发现,主要用来区别resnet已有参数,squeeze用于将1*1*512的特征拉伸为向量,我们添加dropout层和全连接层。

3、如何导入已有模块入resnet全连接层之前部分的参数

checkpoint_exclude_scopes = ‘Logits‘

exclusions = None

if checkpoint_exclude_scopes:

exclusions = [scope.strip() for scope in checkpoint_exclude_scopes.split(‘,‘)]

variables_to_restore = []

for var in slim.get_model_variables():

excluded = False

for exclusion in exclusions:

if var.op.name.startswith(exclusion):

excluded = True

if not excluded:

variables_to_restore.append(var)

logits scope下的变量我们不考虑,其他参数restore恢复。

4、定义网络损失

loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.nn.sparse_softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits(labels=labels, logits=logits))

5、定义优化算子以及衰减优化算子

optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate=0.0001)

train_step = optimizer.minimize(loss)

batch = config.TRAIN.batch_size

sample_size = len(os.listdir(config.DATASET.image_root))

global_step = tf.Variable(0)

learning_rate = tf.train.exponential_decay(1e-4, global_step,

decay_steps=4 * sample_size / batch, decay_rate=0.98,

staircase=True)

train_step = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate).minimize(loss, global_step=global_step)

    上面的表示正常定义优化算子,下面的表示衰减优化算子。其中,batch表示每个batch样本数,sample_size即样本数,global_step用于获取当前iteration,sample_size / batch即每个epoch包含的iteration数目,计算衰减时,每一个decay_steps降低一次学习率。learning_rate_current = learning_rate_start * dacay_rate ** (global_step / decay_steps)。

6、预测网络输出

logits = tf.nn.softmax(logits, name=‘logits‘)

classes = tf.argmax(logits, axis=1, name=‘classes‘)

accuracy = tf.reduce_mean(tf.cast(tf.equal(tf.cast(classes, tf.int32), labels), tf.float32))

7、保存网络模型

init = tf.global_variables_initializer()

saver_restore = tf.train.Saver(var_list=variables_to_restore)

saver = tf.train.Saver(tf.global_variables())

8、自定义生成训练batch

images, truths, valid_imgs, valid_trus = get_batch()

def get_label(xml_path):

tree = ET.parse(xml_path)

objs = tree.findall(‘object‘)

objs = [obj for obj in objs if ‘b‘ in obj.find(‘name‘).text] # select all pointer pannels

if not len(objs) == 1:

return [[], []]

obj = objs[0] # suppose there is only one pannel, otherwise use center selection

label = str(float(obj.find(‘name‘).text.split(‘b‘)[-1]))

return [label]

def get_list():

image_list = []

label_list = []

for file in os.listdir(config.DATASET.image_root):

image_label = get_label(os.path.join(config.DATASET.label_root,file.split(‘.jpg‘)[0]+‘.xml‘))

if len(image_label) > 1:

continue

else:

image_label = image_label[0]

if image_label in config.DATASET.range_dict.keys():

label_list.append(config.DATASET.range_dict[image_label])

else:

label_list.append(len(config.DATASET.range_dict))

image_list.append(os.path.join(config.DATASET.image_root,file))

valid_num = int(len(image_list)*config.DATASET.valid_ratio)

train_list = image_list[valid_num:]

valid_list = image_list[:valid_num]

train_label = label_list[valid_num:]

valid_label = label_list[:valid_num]

return train_list, train_label, valid_list, valid_label

def process_batch(input_quene):

label = input_quene[1]

image = tf.read_file(input_quene[0])

image = tf.image.decode_jpeg(image, channels=3)

image = tf.image.resize_image_with_crop_or_pad(image, config.DATASET.width, config.DATASET.height)

image = tf.image.per_image_standardization(image)

image_batch, label_batch = tf.train.batch([image, label], batch_size=config.TRAIN.batch_size,

capacity=config.TRAIN.capacity, num_threads=config.TRAIN.num_threads)

label_batch = tf.reshape(label_batch, [config.TRAIN.batch_size])

image_batch = tf.cast(image_batch, tf.float32)

return image_batch, label_batch

def get_batch():

train_image_list, train_label_list, valid_image_list, valid_label_list = get_list()

input_quene = tf.train.slice_input_producer([train_image_list, train_label_list])

trian_image_batch, trian_label_batch = process_batch(input_quene)

valid_quene = tf.train.slice_input_producer([valid_image_list, valid_label_list])

valid_image_batch, valid_label_batch = process_batch(valid_quene)

return trian_image_batch, trian_label_batch, valid_image_batch, valid_label_batch

9、训练网络

with tf.Session(config=tfConfig) as sess:

sess.run(init)

coord = tf.train.Coordinator()

threads = tf.train.start_queue_runners(sess=sess, coord=coord)

# =============================Import Pretrained Parameter=========================== #

saver_restore.restore(sess, config.TRAIN.model_path)

# ================================TensorBoard Related================================ #

tf.summary.image(‘inputs‘,inputs)

tf.summary.scalar(‘loss‘,loss)

tf.summary.scalar(‘accuracy‘,accuracy)

tf.summary.scalar(‘learning rate‘, learning_rate)

merged_summary_op = tf.summary.merge_all()

if os.path.exists(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘train‘)):

shutil.rmtree(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘train‘))

if os.path.exists(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘valid‘)):

shutil.rmtree(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘valid‘))

train_writer = tf.summary.FileWriter(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘train‘), sess.graph)

valid_writer = tf.summary.FileWriter(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘valid‘))

for i in range(config.TRAIN.num_iterations):

images_, truths_ = sess.run([images, truths])

valid_imgs_, valid_trus_ = sess.run([valid_imgs, valid_trus])

summary_str, _, loss_, acc_ = sess.run([merged_summary_op, train_step, loss, accuracy], \

feed_dict={inputs: images_, labels: truths_, is_training: True})

valid_str, vloss, vacc = sess.run([merged_summary_op, loss, accuracy], \

feed_dict={inputs: valid_imgs_, labels: valid_trus_, is_training: False})

print(‘Step: {}, Loss: {:.4f}, Accuracy: {:.4f}, Valid Loss: {:.4f}, Valid Accuracy: {:.4f}‘.format(i+1, loss_, acc_, vloss, vacc))

# if (i+1) % 1000 == 0:

# saver.save(sess, config.TRAIN.save_path)

# print(‘save mode to {}‘.format(config.TRAIN.save_path))

# summary_str = sess.run(merged_summary_op)

train_writer.add_summary(summary_str, i)

valid_writer.add_summary(valid_str, i)

coord.request_stop()

coord.join(threads)

10、利用tensorboard可视化训练过程

tf.summary.image(‘inputs‘,inputs) tf.summary.scalar(‘loss‘,loss) tf.summary.scalar(‘accuracy‘,accuracy) tf.summary.scalar(‘learning rate‘, learning_rate) merged_summary_op = tf.summary.merge_all() if os.path.exists(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘train‘)): shutil.rmtree(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘train‘)) if os.path.exists(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘valid‘)): shutil.rmtree(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘valid‘)) train_writer = tf.summary.FileWriter(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘train‘), sess.graph) valid_writer = tf.summary.FileWriter(os.path.join(config.TRAIN.log_path, ‘valid‘))

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