# Python中的数学运算操作符使用进阶

Python中对象的行为是由它的类型 (Type) 决定的。所谓类型就是支持某些特定的操作。数字对象在任何编程语言中都是基础元素，支持加、减、乘、除等数学操作。

Python中对象的行为是由它的类型 (Type) 决定的。所谓类型就是支持某些特定的操作。数字对象在任何编程语言中都是基础元素，支持加、减、乘、除等数学操作。

Python的数字对象有整数和浮点数，支持各种数学操作，比如+, -,*, /等。 没有这些操作符，程序中只能使用函数调用的方式进行数学运算，比如add(2, 3), sub(5, 2)。

```class ChineseNumber:
def __init__(self, n):
self.num = n
self.alphabet = [u'零', u'一', u'二', u'三', u'四',
u'五', u'六', u'七', u'八', u'九', u'十']

def __str__(self):
sign = '负' if self.num < 0 else ''
return sign + ''.join([self.alphabet[int(s)] for s in str(abs(self.num))])

def __repr__(self):
return self.__str__()

```

```>>> a = ChineseNumber(2)
>>> a  #调用a.__repr__()

>>> print(a)  #调用a.__str__()

```

```  def __add__(self, other):
if type(other) is ChineseNumber:
return ChineseNumber(self.num + other.num)
elif type(other) is int:
return ChineseNumber(self.num + other)
else:
return NotImplemented
```

```>>> a, b = ChineseNumber(2), ChineseNumber(10)
>>> a + b

>>> a + 5

>>> a + 3.7
TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for +: 'ChineseNumber' and 'float'
```

```object.__add__(self, other): +
object.__sub__(self, other): -
object.__mul__(self, other): *
object.__matmul__(self, other): @
object.__truediv__(self, other): /
object.__floordiv__(self, other): //
object.__mod__(self, other): %
object.__divmod__(self, other): divmod, divmod(a, b) = (a/b, a%b)
object.__pow__(self, other[,modulo]): **, pow()
object.__lshift__(self, other): <<
object.__rshift__(self, other): >>
object.__and__(self, other): &
object.__xor__(self, other): ^
object.__or__(self, other): |
```

```>>> 2 + a
TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for +: 'int' and 'ChineseNumber'
```

```  def __radd__(self, other):
```

```>>> a = ChineseNumber(2)
>>> 2 + a

```

```object.__radd__(self, other): +
object.__rsub__(self, other): -
object.__rmul__(self, other): *
object.__rmatmul__(self, other): @
object.__rtruediv__(self, other): /
object.__rfloordiv__(self, other): //
object.__rmod__(self, other): %
object.__rdivmod__(self, other): divmod, divmod(a, b) = (b/a, b%a)
object.__rpow__(self, other[,modulo]): **, pow()
object.__rlshift__(self, other): <<
object.__rrshift__(self, other): >>
object.__rand__(self, other): &
object.__rxor__(self, other): ^
object.__ror__(self, other): |
```

```  def __iadd__(self, other):
if type(other) is ChineseNumber:
self.num += other.num
return self
elif type(other) is int:
self.num += other
return self
else:
return NotImplemented
```

```>>> a, b = ChineseNumber(2), ChineseNumber(10)
>>> a += b
>>> a

>>> a + 7
>>> a

```

```object.__iadd__(self, other): +=
object.__isub__(self, other): -=
object.__imul__(self, other): *=
object.__imatmul__(self, other): @=
object.__itruediv__(self, other): /=
object.__ifloordiv__(self, other): //=
object.__imod__(self, other): %=
object.__ipow__(self, other[,modulo]): **=
object.__ilshift__(self, other): <<=
object.__irshift__(self, other): >>=
object.__iand__(self, other): &=
object.__ixor__(self, other): ^=
object.__ior__(self, other): |=
```

```  def __neg__(self):
return ChineseNumber(-self.num)
```

```>>> a = ChineseNumber(5)
>>> -a

```

```object.__neg__(self): -
object.__pos__(self): +
object.__abs__(self): abs()
object.__invert__(self): ~
object.__complex__(self): complex()
object.__int__(self): int()
object.__float__(self): float()
object.__round__(self): round()
object.__index__(self): operator.index() ```