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Linux下使用python脚本获取本机CPU,内存,网络使用状态的方法

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-04-14 11:46 出处:51CTO 作者:80民工
如果在日常运维工作中,想要查看某台服务器上的本地CPU,内存,网络使用状态,怎么办?这里介绍使用python脚本获取: 执行脚本:

 

如果在日常运维工作中,想要查看某台服务器上的本地CPU,内存,网络使用状态,怎么办?这里介绍使用python脚本获取:

[[email protected] ~]# cat os.py
#!/usr/bin/python
#coding=utf-8

import os
import time
import sys
import atexit
import psutil

#print "Welcome,current system is",os.name," 3 seconds late start to get data"
time.sleep(3)

line_num = 1

#function of Get cpu state
def getCPUstate(interval=1):
    return (" CPU:"+str(psutil.cpu_percent(interval))+"%")

def getMemorystate():
    phymem = psutil.Virtual_memory()
    line = "Memory: %5s%% %6s/%s"%(
            phymem.percent,
            str(int(phymem.used/1024/1024))+"M",
            str(int(phymem.total/1024/1024))+"M"
            )
    return line
def bytes2human(n):
    """
    >>>bytes2human(10000)
    '9.8k'
    >>>bytes2human(100001221)
    '95.4M'
    """
    symbols = ('K','M','G','T','P','E','Z','Y')
    prefix = {}
    for i ,s in enumerate(symbols):
        prefix[s] = 1 << (i+1)*10
    for s in reversed(symbols):
        if n >=prefix[s]:
            value = float(n) / prefix[s]
            return '%.2f %s'%(value,s)
    return '%.2fB'%(n)
def poll(interval):
    """Retrieve raw stats within an interval window."""
    tot_before = psutil.net_io_counters()
    pnic_before = psutil.net_io_counters(pernic=True)
    #sleep some time
    time.sleep(interval)
    tot_after = psutil.net_io_counters()
    pnic_after = psutil.net_io_counters(pernic=True)
    #get cpu stats
    cpu_state = getCPUstate(interval)
    #get memory
    memory_state = getMemorystate()
    return (tot_before,tot_after,pnic_before,pnic_after,cpu_state,memory_state)
def refresh_window(tot_before,tot_after,pnic_before,pnic_after,cpu_state,memory_state):
    """print stats on screen"""
    #print current time,cpu state,memory
    print (time.asctime() +" | "+cpu_state+" | "+
            memory_state)
    #total
    print(" NetStates:")
    print(" total bytes:  sent: %-10s received: %s"%(\
        bytes2human(tot_after.bytes_sent), \
        bytes2human(tot_after.bytes_recv)))
    print( " total packets:  sent: %-10s received: %s"%(\
        tot_after.packets_sent,\
        tot_after.packets_recv))
    # per-network interface details: let's sort network interfaces so    
    # that the ones which generated more traffic are shown first
    print( " ")
    nic_names = pnic_after.keys()
    #nic_names.sort(key=lambda x: sum(pnic_after[x]), reverse=True)
    for name in nic_names:
        stats_before = pnic_before[name]
        stats_after = pnic_after[name]
        templ = "%-15s %15s %15s"    
        print(templ % (name, "TOTAL", "PER-SEC"))  
        print(templ % (
            "bytes-sent",    
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_sent),  
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_sent - stats_before.bytes_sent) +
            '/s', 
            ))
        print(templ % (    
            "bytes-recv",    
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_recv),    
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_recv- stats_before.bytes_recv)
            + '/s',    
            ))
        print(templ % ( 
            "pkts-sent",
            stats_after.packets_sent,
            stats_after.packets_sent - stats_before.packets_sent,
            ))
        print((templ %(
            "pkts-recv", 
            stats_after.packets_recv,
            stats_after.packets_recv - stats_before.packets_recv,
            )))
        print( " ")
try:
    interval = 0
    while 1:
        args = poll(interval)
        refresh_window(*args)
        interval = 1
except (KeyboardInterrupt,SystemExit):
    pass

执行脚本:

[[email protected] ~]# chmod 755 os.py

[[email protected] ~]# python os.py
Mon May 20 14:56:57 2019 |  CPU:0.0% | Memory:   6.4%   286M/3790M
 NetStates:
 total bytes:  sent: 18.51 M    received: 245.65 M
 total packets:  sent: 125771     received: 2090611
 
lo                        TOTAL         PER-SEC
bytes-sent                0.00B         0.00B/s
bytes-recv                0.00B         0.00B/s
pkts-sent                     0               0
pkts-recv                     0               0
 
ens192                    TOTAL         PER-SEC
bytes-sent              18.51 M         0.00B/s
bytes-recv             245.65 M         0.00B/s
pkts-sent                125771               0
pkts-recv               2090611               0

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