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python爬虫线程池案例详解(梨视频短视频爬取)

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-02-20 10:33 出处:网络 作者: 小王子爱上玫瑰
python爬虫-梨视频短视频爬取(线程池) 示例代码 import requests from lxml import etree import random

python爬虫-梨视频短视频爬取(线程池)

示例代码

import requests
from lxml import etree
import random
from multiprocessing.dummy import Pool


# 多进程要传的方法,多进程pool.map()传的第二个参数是一个迭代器对象
# 而传的get_video方法也要有一个迭代器参数
def get_video(dic):
  headers = {
    'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/88.0.4324.96 Safari/537.36 Edg/88.0.705.56'
    }
  video_data = requests.get(url = dic['url'] , headers = headers).content
  print(dic['name']+'开始下载')
  
  # 有的文件名中包含空格,在并发执行时会报错,这里用随机数给文件起名了
  #path = dic['name']+'.mp4'会报错
  path = "./lishipin/"+str(int(random.random()*100)) + '.mp4'
  
  with open(path,'wb') as fp:
    fp.write(video_data)
  print(dic['name']+'下载成功')

def main():  
  # web_url:梨视频官网
  web_url = 'https://www.pearvideo.com/category_5'
  headers = {
    'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/88.0.4324.96 Safari/537.36 Edg/88.0.705.56'
    }
  
  # web_page_tex:官网页面
  web_page_text = requests.get(url = web_url,headers = headers).text
  
  tree = etree.HTML(web_page_text)
  
  # 解析梨视频官网“生活栏”中的所有li标签,遍历li标签,提取视频的url
  li_list = tree.xpath('//*[@id="listvideoListUl"]/li')
  rea_urls=[]
  for li in li_list:
     # video_name获取视频的名称
    video_name = li.xpath('./div/a/div[2]/text()')[0]+'.mp4'
    
    # 加上'https://www.pearvideo.com/'得到完整的video_url
    video_url = 'https://www.pearvideo.com/'+li.xpath("./div/a/@href")[0]
    
    # 通过官网界面提取的url,并不是真正的url,
    # 因为MP4的视频是动态加载出来的,所以通过ajax请求获取视频的真实网址
    # 但是通过分析发现,ajax请求获取的网址是一个伪网址,和真实网址有区别(cont...)
      ##真地址:https://video.pearvideo.com/mp4/third/20210208/cont-1719874-15690592-205957-ld.mp4
      ##                          1719874
      ##伪地址:https://video.pearvideo.com/mp4/third/20210208/1612867876612-15690592-205957-ld.mp4


    # 通过得到的video_url可以分析到 真假网址 不同的细节之处--countId
    # 通过ajax请求向video_url发起get请求,需要加countId和mrd参数
    # 分析video_url得到countId,mrd是一个随机小树
    countId = video_url.split("/")[-1].split("_")[1]
    mrd = random.random()
    
    # 加'Referer'参数,否则会显示该视频已下架了
    headers = {
      'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/88.0.4324.96 Safari/537.36 Edg/88.0.705.56',
      'Referer': 'https://www.pearvideo.com/video_' + countId
      }
    ajax_url = 'https://www.pearvideo.com/videoStatus.jsp'
    
    # 利用ajax请求获取伪地址
    # https://www.pearvideo.com/videoStatus.jsp?contId=1719874&mrd=0.7759942025851074
    params = {
        'contId': str(countId),
        'mrd': str(mrd)
      }
    
    # 通过ajax请求,发起get请求得到一个json串
    ajax_json = requests.get(url = ajax_url,headers = headers,params = params).json()
    
    # 得到的是 假地址
    fake_url = ajax_json['videoInfo']['videos']['srcUrl']
    
    # 对假地址进行处理,并把刚才的countId组合起来
    fake_url_list = fake_url.split('/')
    end = fake_url_list.pop()  #删除不必要的字符串
    end_list = end.split("-")
    end_url = ""  #end_url是一个结尾字符串
    for i in range(len(end_list)-1):
      end_url = end_url + "-"+ end_list[i+1]
    
    # 真实的地址,先用假地址,然后组合countId
    rea_url=""
    for element in fake_url_list:
      rea_url=rea_url+element+"/"
    rea_url=rea_url+"cont-"+str(countId) + end_url
    
    # print(rea_url)
    
    
    dic = {
        'url':rea_url,
        'name':video_name
      }
    rea_urls.append(dic)
    
  #print(rea_urls)
  pool = Pool(4)
  pool.map(get_video,rea_urls)
  pool.close()
  pool.join()
  
if __name__ == '__main__':
  main()

知识点扩展:

Python爬虫下载视频(梨视频)

梨视频示例:Ctrl+Alt+L格式化代码

import re
import requests
import hashlib
import time
# print(respose.status_code)# 响应的状态码
# print(respose.content) #返回字节信息
# print(respose.text) #返回文本内容
 
mainurl = "https://www.pearvideo.com/"
videourl = "http://www.pearvideo.com/video_1499584"
headers={
    'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.36',
    'Accept-Encoding':'gzip, deflate, sdch',
    'Accept':'text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8',
    'Accept-Language':'zh-CN,zh;q=0.8',
  }
# 获取视频链接列表
def geturls(url):
  res=requests.get(url)
  urls=re.findall('class="vervideo-tbd".*?href="(.*?)" rel="external nofollow" ',res.text,re.S)
  urllist=[]
  for i in urls:
    prefix='https://www.pearvideo.com/'
    urllist.append(prefix+i)
  return urllist
# 获取视频链接并下载(写入到硬盘)
def getvideo(url):
  res=requests.get(url,headers)
  mp4url=re.findall('srcUrl="(.*?\.mp4)"',res.text,re.S)[0]
  video=requests.get(mp4url)
  m = hashlib.md5()
  m.update(url.encode('utf-8'))
  m.update(str(time.time()).encode('utf-8'))
  filename = r'%s.mp4' % m.hexdigest()
  print(filename)
  with open("/home/tony/文档/爬虫视频/%s.mp4"%filename,'wb') as f:
    f.write(video.content)
def main():
  video_urllist=geturls(mainurl)
  for i in video_urllist:
    getvideo(i)
if __name__=='__main__':
  main()

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