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Python借助argv和input()制作命令行工具

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-07-17 15:12 出处:网络 作者:运维开发网整理
## 命令行执行.py文件并传递参数代码示例如下,将参数解包```from sys import argvimport requestsimport jsonimport time

## 命令行执行.py文件并传递参数

代码示例如下,将参数解包

```

from sys import argv

import requests

import json

import time

script, userId, userName, enterpriseId = argv

parameter = {"userId":{userId},"userName":{userName},"enterpriseId":{enterpriseId},"flag":"sended"}

rq = requests.put("http://test.xxxxxx.com/mail/receiveSendedAndRubbishMail", data=parameter)

data = rq.json()

print(json.dumps(data, indent=4, sort_keys=True, ensure_ascii=False) )

```

实际命令行执行的时候输入命令:

```

python filename.py userId userName enterpriseId

```

## 使用input函数逐一获取参数

```

import requests

import json

import time

prompt = ‘>>> ‘

print("Please Input ‘userID‘, For Example>>>1400")

userId = input(prompt)

print("Please Input ‘userName‘, For Example>>>yangdawei_10171")

userName = input(prompt)

print("Please Input ‘enterpriseId‘, For Example>>>10171")

enterpriseId = input(prompt)

print(f"The Program is starting to syc {userId}--{enterpriseId}--{userName}‘s email and how much time is going to spend that‘s depends on how many emails in outbox, Just wait...")

before_syc_time = time.strftime(‘%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S‘,time.localtime(time.time()))

print("current time is" + ‘ ‘ + before_syc_time)

parameter = {"userId":{userId},"userName":{userName},"enterpriseId":{enterpriseId},"flag":"sended"}

rq = requests.put("http://admin.xxxxxxx.com/mail/receiveSendedAndRubbishMail", data=parameter)

data = rq.json()

print(json.dumps(data, indent=4, sort_keys=True, ensure_ascii=False) )

after_syc_time = time.strftime(‘%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S‘,time.localtime(time.time()))

print("current time is" + ‘ ‘ + after_syc_time)

input(‘Press Enter to exit program and then close this dialog....‘)```实际命令行执行的时候输入命令:```python filename.py```==您可以使用打包工具,例如前一篇博文中讲到pyinstaller 将其打包成.exe,并不是每个人都会在命令行执行相关内容==

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