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RBAC聚合

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-01-18 12:08 出处:51CTO 作者:Super孙文波
一个例子我们想要达到的目的:限制该用户只能查看集群的资源,并且能够查看监控图(monitoring)role文件apiVersion:rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1kind:Rolemetadata:name:aideveloper-rolenamespace:monitoringrules:-apiGroups:-""resources:-pods/proxy-serv

一个例子

我们想要达到的目的:限制该用户只能查看集群的资源,并且能够查看监控图(monitoring)

role文件

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: aideveloper-role
  namespace: monitoring
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods/proxy
  - services/proxy
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch

roleBinding文件

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: aideveloper-roleBinding
  namespace: monitoring
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: aideveloper-role
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: User
  name: aideveloper

clusterRoleBinding文件

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: aideveloper-view-roleBinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: view
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: User
  name: aideveloper

接下来需要看怎么把monitoring这个只读角色聚合到view中?

如果我们要实现让一个用户既能查看集群所有资源,又能查看集群的监控信息,那么就需要给某个user做两次roleBinding。那么问题来了:如果我们需要的权限比较复杂,比如有几十种,那么要写几十个roleBinding吗?肯定不会那么蠢。从k8s1.9开始,就有一个rbac的聚合机制——aggregate。

聚合的方法是通过matchLabels(即rbac.example.com/aggregate-to-monitoring: "true"),来匹配所有metadata符合该label的ClusterRole。aggregationRule不需要配置 rules 段,它是由controller收集所有匹配的ClusterRole的rules后填充的。

比如:

kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: roleTest001
aggregationRule:
  clusterRoleSelectors:
  - matchLabels:
      rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-roletest001: "true"
rules: [] # Rules are automatically filled in by the controller manager.

创建新的符合matchLabel的clusterRole,controller会将新的rules添加到aggregationRule。如下会将roleTest002的rules添加到上面的ClusterRoleroleTest001,因此这里的rule是不需要填写的。

kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: roleTest002
  labels:
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-roletest001: "true"
# These rules will be added to the "monitoring" role.
rules:
- apiGroups: [""]
  Resources: ["services", "endpoints", "pods"]
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]

那么我们现在就可以改良上一篇做的RBAC了——我们只需要把monitoring的权限内容聚合到view中,然后只需要给aideveloper这个user分配view这个role即可。就算后面有100个错综复杂的权限,我们也只需要加标签即可,无需再过多的写roleBinding。

首先,我们查看一下view这个role的属性:

kubectl edit clusterrole view
aggregationRule:
  clusterRoleSelectors:
  - matchLabels:
      rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true"
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  creationTimestamp: "2021-01-06T10:11:00Z"
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
  managedFields:
  - apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
    fieldsType: FieldsV1
    fieldsV1:
      f:aggregationRule:
        .: {}
        f:clusterRoleSelectors: {}
      f:metadata:
        f:annotations:
          .: {}
          f:rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: {}
        f:labels:
          .: {}
          f:kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: {}
          f:rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: {}
    manager: kube-apiserver
    operation: Update
    time: "2021-01-06T10:11:00Z"
  - apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
    fieldsType: FieldsV1
    fieldsV1:
      f:rules: {}
    manager: kube-controller-manager
    operation: Update
    time: "2021-01-07T05:56:44Z"
  name: view

我们惊喜的发现,这个view天生可聚合——包含aggregationRule。这里我们看到 rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true" 这个aggregationRule,因此我们把之前做好的monitoring的role里面,加上 rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true" 标签即可。

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: aideveloper-role
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true"
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods/proxy
  - services/proxy
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch

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