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yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-09-13 12:16 出处:51CTO 作者:li314830356
yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

1、自建yum仓库,分别为网络源和本地源

操作步骤解释:
1、将现有的RPM 包,放到同一个目录下,使用“createrepo” 命令进行元数据创建repodata。
2、将光盘镜像,挂载到某一目录下,里面自带repodata。
3、使用http服务或者nfs,以及vsftp服务进行网络共享。
4、客户端配置:必须在/etc/yum.repos.d/ 目录下,创建以 repo结尾的文件。
[base]
name=base                #仓库取名字
baseurl=file:///misc/cd  #共享方式及路径,必须是有repodata所在的目录
enabled=1    #是否开启本yum源
gpgcheck=0   #密钥检查   公网的源 建议开启,确保安全
1)、创建yum仓库,生成repodta目录

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

2)、本地yum源,以光盘为例
[13:44:07 [email protected] yum.repos.d]#mount /dev/sr0 /mnt
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[13:44:31 [email protected] yum.repos.d]#vim base.repo
[13:44:49 [email protected] yum.repos.d]#cat base.repo #本地资源,光盘镜像共享
[base]
name=base
baseurl=file:///mnt
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
[13:44:54 [email protected] yum.repos.d]#yum clean all
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Cleaning repos: base
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors
Other repos take up 120 M of disk space (use --verbose for details)
[13:45:04 [email protected] yum.repos.d]#yum repolist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Determining fastest mirrors
base                                                                                                                                    | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
(1/2): base/group_gz                                                                                                                    | 166 kB  00:00:00     
(2/2): base/primary_db                                                                                                                  | 3.1 MB  00:00:00     
repo id                                                                       repo name                                                                  status
base                                                                          base                                                                       4,021
repolist: 4,021
3)、安装httpd 服务,用于网络共享资源 (一定要先用浏览器测试下,资源是否可用)

[13:51:53 [email protected] dnf]#yum install httpd -y #安装http 服务

[13:52:38 [email protected] dnf]#systemctl start httpd #开启http 服务

[13:57:09 [email protected] yum.repos.d]#cat dnf.repo #dnf 网络源配置

[dnf]
name=dnf
baseurl=http://192.168.1.190/dnf/
enbaled=1
gpgcheck=0

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

2、编译安装http2.4,实现可以正常访问,并将编译步骤和结果提交。

1)、http2.4.6 安装包下载:http://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi 并上传至服务器

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

2)、编译环境安装

[14:14:46 [email protected] ~]#yum install pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel gcc -y

3)、进到目录,开始编译安装

[14:20:17 [email protected] ~]#cd httpd-2.4.46/

[14:20:19 [email protected] httpd-2.4.46]#pwd

/root/httpd-2.4.46

./configure
make
make install

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

4)、默认编译路径及服务启动与访问验证

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

3、创建一个2G的文件系统,块大小为2048byte,预留1%可用空间,文件系统 ext4,卷标为TEST,要求此分区开机后自动挂载至/test目录,且默认有acl挂载选项

1)、查看磁盘,将sda 进行新创建分区作为本次测试。磁盘信息如下:

[14:51:36 [email protected] ~]#fdisk /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-Linux 2.23.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 214.7 GB, 214748364800 bytes, 419430400 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001dba8

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048     2050047     1024000   83  Linux
/dev/sda2         2050048    22530047    10240000   83  Linux
/dev/sda3        22530048    24627199     1048576   83  Linux

Command (m for help): n
Partition type:
   p   primary (3 primary, 0 extended, 1 free)
   e   extended
Select (default e): 
Using default response e
Selected partition 4
First sector (24627200-419430399, default 24627200): 
Using default value 24627200
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (24627200-419430399, default 419430399): 
Using default value 419430399
Partition 4 of type Extended and of size 188.3 GiB is set

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 214.7 GB, 214748364800 bytes, 419430400 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001dba8

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048     2050047     1024000   83  Linux
/dev/sda2         2050048    22530047    10240000   83  Linux
/dev/sda3        22530048    24627199     1048576   83  Linux
/dev/sda4        24627200   419430399   197401600    5  Extended

Command (m for help): n
All primary partitions are in use
Adding logical partition 5
First sector (24629248-419430399, default 24629248): 
Using default value 24629248
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (24629248-419430399, default 419430399): +2G
Partition 5 of type Linux and of size 2 GiB is set

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 214.7 GB, 214748364800 bytes, 419430400 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001dba8

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048     2050047     1024000   83  Linux
/dev/sda2         2050048    22530047    10240000   83  Linux
/dev/sda3        22530048    24627199     1048576   83  Linux
/dev/sda4        24627200   419430399   197401600    5  Extended
/dev/sda5        24629248    28823551     2097152   83  Linux

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.

[14:52:24 [email protected] ~]#partprobe /dev/sda #同步磁盘与内存中的数据一致

[14:52:32 [email protected] ~]#lsblk

NAME                        MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda                           8:0    0  200G  0 disk 
├─sda1                        8:1    0 1000M  0 part /boot
├─sda2                        8:2    0  9.8G  0 part /
├─sda3                        8:3    0    1G  0 part 
├─sda4                        8:4    0    1K  0 part   这是扩展分区
└─sda5                        8:5    0    2G  0 part   这是逻辑分区  本次实验以他为主
2)、格式化文件系统为ext4,卷标为TEST,并指定块大小

[14:53:28 [email protected] ~]#mke2fs -t ext4 -b 2048 -L 'TEST' -m 1 /dev/sda5

mke2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013)
Filesystem label=TEST
OS type: Linux
Block size=2048 (log=1)
Fragment size=2048 (log=1)
Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
131072 inodes, 1048576 blocks
10485 blocks (1.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=269484032
64 block groups
16384 blocks per group, 16384 fragments per group
2048 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
    16384, 49152, 81920, 114688, 147456, 409600, 442368, 802816

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done 

You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

[15:08:38 [email protected] ~]#mke2fs /dev/sda5

mke2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
131072 inodes, 524288 blocks
26214 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=536870912
16 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
8192 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
    32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912
Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
3)、写进/etc/fstab 自动挂载至/test,且默认有acl 挂载选项

[15:10:04 [email protected] ~]#blkid

/dev/sr0: UUID="2018-11-25-23-54-16-00" LABEL="CentOS 7 x86_64" TYPE="iso9660" PTTYPE="dos" 
/dev/sdb1: UUID="yZ16Cg-PGpj-3oAs-vsg1-qopN-4tKs-mVYOkh" TYPE="LVM2_member" 
/dev/sdb2: UUID="sp1RAv-KEJq-soOc-ryfd-2u2G-kdaR-P8EpbR" TYPE="LVM2_member" 
/dev/sdb3: UUID="n2I2DR-IvJd-dBIV-z1vQ-QEgP-MB2p-KUBrRw" TYPE="LVM2_member" 
/dev/sdc: UUID="69jQYA-pOFx-CyiB-1C4d-qtH9-M20S-z48lbu" TYPE="LVM2_member" 
/dev/sda1: UUID="0745e236-6619-43df-929f-78cef14f3713" TYPE="xfs" 
/dev/sda2: UUID="296fe92a-a09a-4a43-b0bf-38302e32e228" TYPE="xfs" 
/dev/sda3: UUID="6eba734c-311d-4cbf-88ca-adf9312c9366" TYPE="xfs" 
/dev/sda5: UUID="17db2a07-e240-4816-b2e5-8cb1ccd01421" TYPE="ext2" 

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

4、创建一个至少有两个PV组成的大小为20G的名为testvg的VG;要求PE大小 为16MB, 而后在卷组中创建大小为5G的逻辑卷testlv;挂载至/users目录

1)、将磁盘sda 新添加两个分区,并更改分区属性为lvm 类型,作为pv使用

[11:04:35 [email protected] test]#fdisk /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-Linux 2.23.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.

Command (m for help): n
All primary partitions are in use
Adding logical partition 6
First sector (28825600-419430399, default 28825600): 
Using default value 28825600
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (28825600-419430399, default 419430399): +1G
Partition 6 of type Linux and of size 1 GiB is set

Command (m for help): n
All primary partitions are in use
Adding logical partition 7
First sector (30924800-419430399, default 30924800): 
Using default value 30924800
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (30924800-419430399, default 419430399): +1G
Partition 7 of type Linux and of size 1 GiB is set

Command (m for help): t
Partition number (1-7, default 7): 6
Hex code (type L to list all codes): L  

 0  Empty           24  NEC DOS         81  Minix / old Lin bf  Solaris        
 1  FAT12           27  Hidden NTFS Win 82  Linux swap / So c1  DRDOS/sec (FAT-
 2  XENIX root      39  Plan 9          83  Linux           c4  DRDOS/sec (FAT-
 3  XENIX usr       3c  PartitionMagic  84  OS/2 hidden C:  c6  DRDOS/sec (FAT-
 4  FAT16 <32M      40  Venix 80286     85  Linux extended  c7  Syrinx         
 5  Extended        41  PPC PReP Boot   86  NTFS volume set da  Non-FS data    
 6  FAT16           42  SFS             87  NTFS volume set db  CP/M / CTOS / .
 7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT 4d  QNX4.x          88  Linux plaintext de  Dell Utility   
 8  AIX             4e  QNX4.x 2nd part 8e  Linux LVM       df  BootIt         
 9  AIX bootable    4f  QNX4.x 3rd part 93  Amoeba          e1  DOS access     
 a  OS/2 Boot Manag 50  OnTrack DM      94  Amoeba BBT      e3  DOS R/O        
 b  W95 FAT32       51  OnTrack DM6 Aux 9f  BSD/OS          e4  SpeedStor      
 c  W95 FAT32 (LBA) 52  CP/M            a0  IBM Thinkpad hi eb  BeOS fs        
 e  W95 FAT16 (LBA) 53  OnTrack DM6 Aux a5  FreeBSD         ee  GPT            
 f  W95 Ext'd (LBA) 54  OnTrackDM6      a6  OpenBSD         ef  EFI (FAT-12/16/
10  OPUS            55  EZ-Drive        a7  NeXTSTEP        f0  Linux/PA-RISC b
11  Hidden FAT12    56  Golden Bow      a8  Darwin UFS      f1  SpeedStor      
12  Compaq diagnost 5c  Priam Edisk     a9  NetBSD          f4  SpeedStor      
14  Hidden FAT16 <3 61  SpeedStor       ab  Darwin boot     f2  DOS secondary  
16  Hidden FAT16    63  GNU HURD or Sys af  HFS / HFS+      fb  VMware VMFS    
17  Hidden HPFS/NTF 64  Novell Netware  b7  BSDI fs         fc  VMware VMKCORE 
18  AST SmartSleep  65  Novell Netware  b8  BSDI swap       fd  Linux raid auto
1b  Hidden W95 FAT3 70  DiskSecure Mult bb  Boot Wizard hid fe  LANstep        
1c  Hidden W95 FAT3 75  PC/IX           be  Solaris boot    ff  BBT            
1e  Hidden W95 FAT1 80  Old Minix      
Hex code (type L to list all codes): 8e
Changed type of partition 'Linux' to 'Linux LVM'

Command (m for help): t
Partition number (1-7, default 7): 7
Hex code (type L to list all codes): 8e
Changed type of partition 'Linux' to 'Linux LVM'

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 214.7 GB, 214748364800 bytes, 419430400 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001dba8

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048     2050047     1024000   83  Linux
/dev/sda2         2050048    22530047    10240000   83  Linux
/dev/sda3        22530048    24627199     1048576   83  Linux
/dev/sda4        24627200   419430399   197401600    5  Extended
/dev/sda5        24629248    28823551     2097152   83  Linux
/dev/sda6        28825600    30922751     1048576   8e  Linux LVM
/dev/sda7        30924800    33021951     1048576   8e  Linux LVM

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.

[11:07:20 [email protected] test]#partprobe /dev/sda

[11:07:40 [email protected] test]#lsblk

NAME                        MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda                           8:0    0  200G  0 disk 
├─sda1                        8:1    0 1000M  0 part /boot
├─sda2                        8:2    0  9.8G  0 part /
├─sda3                        8:3    0    1G  0 part 
├─sda4                        8:4    0    1K  0 part 
├─sda5                        8:5    0    2G  0 part /test
├─sda6                        8:6    0    1G  0 part 
└─sda7                        8:7    0    1G  0 part 

[11:07:43 [email protected] test]#fdisk /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-Linux 2.23.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.

Command (m for help): n
All primary partitions are in use
Adding logical partition 8
First sector (33024000-419430399, default 33024000): 
Using default value 33024000
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (33024000-419430399, default 419430399): +28G
Partition 8 of type Linux and of size 28 GiB is set

Command (m for help): t
Partition number (1-8, default 8): 8
Hex code (type L to list all codes): 8e
Changed type of partition 'Linux' to 'Linux LVM'

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 214.7 GB, 214748364800 bytes, 419430400 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001dba8

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048     2050047     1024000   83  Linux
/dev/sda2         2050048    22530047    10240000   83  Linux
/dev/sda3        22530048    24627199     1048576   83  Linux
/dev/sda4        24627200   419430399   197401600    5  Extended
/dev/sda5        24629248    28823551     2097152   83  Linux
/dev/sda6        28825600    30922751     1048576   8e  Linux LVM
/dev/sda7        30924800    33021951     1048576   8e  Linux LVM
/dev/sda8        33024000    91744255    29360128   8e  Linux LVM

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root
[11:10:18 [email protected] test]#partprobe /dev/sda
[11:10:27 [email protected] test]#lsblk
NAME                        MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda                           8:0    0  200G  0 disk 
├─sda1                        8:1    0 1000M  0 part /boot
├─sda2                        8:2    0  9.8G  0 part /
├─sda3                        8:3    0    1G  0 part 
├─sda4                        8:4    0    1K  0 part 
├─sda5                        8:5    0    2G  0 part /test
├─sda6                        8:6    0    1G  0 part 
├─sda7                        8:7    0    1G  0 part 
└─sda8                        8:8    0   28G  0 part 
2)、将sda6,sda7, sda8, 创建pv

[11:12:08 [email protected] test]#pvcreate /dev/sda{6..8}

 Physical volume "/dev/sda6" successfully created.
  Physical volume "/dev/sda7" successfully created.
  Physical volume "/dev/sda8" successfully created.

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

3)、创建testvg,PE为16MB ,查看组成个数

[11:20:45 [email protected] test]#vgcreate testvg -s 16MB /dev/sda{6..8}

Volume group "testvg" successfully created

[11:21:44 [email protected] test]#vgdisplay

 --- Volume group ---
  VG Name               testvg
  System ID             
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        3
  Metadata Sequence No  1
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                0
  Open LV               0
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                3
  Act PV                3
  VG Size               29.95 GiB
  PE Size               16.00 MiB   #此处为PE大小
  Total PE              1917
  Alloc PE / Size       0 / 0   
  Free  PE / Size       1917 / 29.95 GiB
  VG UUID               SXDuvV-oNqk-H1Tq-q33b-jyvs-fXmB-d2TLLg
[11:24:56 [email protected] test]#pvs
  PV         VG     Fmt  Attr PSize    PFree   
  /dev/sda6  testvg lvm2 a--  1008.00m 1008.00m
  /dev/sda7  testvg lvm2 a--  1008.00m 1008.00m
  /dev/sda8  testvg lvm2 a--    27.98g   27.98g
4)、创建testlv 大小为5G

[11:29:45 [email protected] test]#lvcreate -n testlv -L +5G testvg

Logical volume "testlv" created.
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

[11:31:07 [email protected] test]#lvs

 LV               VG     Attr       LSize   Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
  testlv           testvg -wi-a-----   5.00g                                                    
  binlog           vg1    owi-a-s---   5.00g                                                    
  binlog-snapshot  vg1    sri-a-s--- 256.00m      binlog 0.09                                   
  binlog-snapshot2 vg1    sri-a-s--- 256.00m      binlog 0.02                                   
  mysql            vg1    -wi-a-----   4.94g  

[11:31:15 [email protected] test]#lvdisplay

  • --- Logical volume ---
      LV Path                /dev/testvg/testlv
      LV Name                testlv
      VG Name                testvg
      LV UUID                7sYrLA-FNam-xJav-2XfL-Pxdi-1vTR-qTkl6j
      LV Write Access        read/write
      LV Creation host, time centos7, 2020-09-12 11:31:07 +0800
      LV Status              available
    
      # open                 0
    
      LV Size                5.00 GiB
      Current LE             320
      Segments               1
      Allocation             inherit
      Read ahead sectors     auto
    
      - currently set to     8192
        Block device           253:7
    5)、格式化testlv 与挂载至 /users目录

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

yum使用,http2.4编译安装,磁盘分区,格式化,逻辑卷创建与挂载

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