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influxdb-1.7.8(centos 7) 部署

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-05-17 10:45 出处:网络 作者:运维开发网整理
1、官方下载: https://dl.influxdata.com/influxdb/releases/influxdb-1.7.8.x86_64.rpm 2、安装软件

1、官方下载:

https://dl.influxdata.com/influxdb/releases/influxdb-1.7.8.x86_64.rpm

2、安装软件

sudo yum localinstall influxdb-1.7.8.x86_64.rpm 

3、环境准备

mkdir -p /data/influxdb/data

chmod -R 777 /data

4、包文件路径

/usr/bin下

  • influxd    influxdb服务器
  • influx      influxdb命令行客户端
  • influx_inspect  查看工具
  • influx_stress  压力测试工具
  • influx_tsm  数据库转换工具(将数据库从b1或bz1格式转换为tsm1格式)

/var/lib/influxdb/下

  • data  存放最终存储的数据,文件以.tsm结尾
  • meta  存放数据库元数据
  • wal  存放预写日志文件

/var/log/influxdb下

  • influxd.log  日志文件

/etc/influxdb下

  • influxdb.conf  配置文件

/var/run/influxdb/

  • influxd.pid  PID文件

5、备份配置文件

mv /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf.default

6、更新配置文件

vim /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf

### Welcome to the InfluxDB configuration file.
  
# The values in this file override the default values used by the system if
# a config option is not specified. The commented out lines are the configuration
# field and the default value used. Uncommenting a line and changing the value
# will change the value used at runtime when the process is restarted.
  
# Once every 24 hours InfluxDB will report usage data to usage.influxdata.com
# The data includes a random ID, os, arch, version, the number of series and other
# usage data. No data from user databases is ever transmitted.
# Change this option to true to disable reporting.
# reporting-disabled = false
  
# Bind address to use for the RPC service for backup and restore.
# bind-address = "127.0.0.1:8088"
  
###
### [meta]
###
### Controls the parameters for the Raft consensus group that stores metadata
### about the InfluxDB cluster.
###
  
[meta]
  # Where the metadata/raft database is stored
  dir = "/data/influxdb/data/meta"
  
  # Automatically create a default retention policy when creating a database.
  retention-autocreate = true
  
  # If log messages are printed for the meta service
  # logging-enabled = true
  
###
### [data]
###
### Controls where the actual shard data for InfluxDB lives and how it is
### flushed from the WAL. "dir" may need to be changed to a suitable place
### for your system, but the WAL settings are an advanced configuration. The
### defaults should work for most systems.
###
  
[data]
  # The directory where the TSM storage engine stores TSM files.
  dir = "/data/influxdb/data/data"
  
  # The directory where the TSM storage engine stores WAL files.
  wal-dir = "/data/influxdb/data/wal"
  
  # The amount of time that a write will wait before fsyncing.  A duration
  # greater than 0 can be used to batch up multiple fsync calls.  This is useful for slower
  # disks or when WAL write contention is seen.  A value of 0s fsyncs every write to the WAL.
  # Values in the range of 0-100ms are recommended for non-SSD disks.
  wal-fsync-delay = "0s"
  
  
  # The type of shard index to use for new shards.  The default is an in-memory index that is
  # recreated at startup.  A value of "tsi1" will use a disk based index that supports higher
  # cardinality datasets.
  # index-version = "inmem"
  index-version = "tsi1"
  
  # Trace logging provides more verbose output around the tsm engine. Turning
  # this on can provide more useful output for debugging tsm engine issues.
  # trace-logging-enabled = false
  
  # Whether queries should be logged before execution. Very useful for troubleshooting, but will
  # log any sensitive data contained within a query.
  # query-log-enabled = true
  
  # Validates incoming writes to ensure keys only have valid unicode characters.
  # This setting will incur a small overhead because every key must be checked.
  # validate-keys = false
  
  # Settings for the TSM engine
  
  # CacheMaxMemorySize is the maximum size a shard‘s cache can
  # reach before it starts rejecting writes.
  # Valid size suffixes are k, m, or g (case insensitive, 1024 = 1k).
  # Values without a size suffix are in bytes.
  # cache-max-memory-size = "1g"
  
  # CacheSnapshotMemorySize is the size at which the engine will
  # snapshot the cache and write it to a TSM file, freeing up memory
  # Valid size suffixes are k, m, or g (case insensitive, 1024 = 1k).
  # Values without a size suffix are in bytes.
  # cache-snapshot-memory-size = "25m"
  
  # CacheSnapshotWriteColdDuration is the length of time at
  # which the engine will snapshot the cache and write it to
  # a new TSM file if the shard hasn‘t received writes or deletes
  # cache-snapshot-write-cold-duration = "10m"
  
  # CompactFullWriteColdDuration is the duration at which the engine
  # will compact all TSM files in a shard if it hasn‘t received a
  # write or delete
  # compact-full-write-cold-duration = "4h"
  
  # The maximum number of concurrent full and level compactions that can run at one time.  A
  # value of 0 results in 50% of runtime.GOMAXPROCS(0) used at runtime.  Any number greater
  # than 0 limits compactions to that value.  This setting does not apply
  # to cache snapshotting.
  # max-concurrent-compactions = 0
  
  # CompactThroughput is the rate limit in bytes per second that we
  # will allow TSM compactions to write to disk. Note that short bursts are allowed
  # to happen at a possibly larger value, set by CompactThroughputBurst
  # compact-throughput = "48m"
  
  # CompactThroughputBurst is the rate limit in bytes per second that we
  # will allow TSM compactions to write to disk.
  # compact-throughput-burst = "48m"
  
  # If true, then the mmap advise value MADV_WILLNEED will be provided to the kernel with respect to
  # TSM files. This setting has been found to be problematic on some kernels, and defaults to off.
  # It might help users who have slow disks in some cases.
  # tsm-use-madv-willneed = false
  
  # Settings for the inmem index
  
  # The maximum series allowed per database before writes are dropped.  This limit can prevent
  # high cardinality issues at the database level.  This limit can be disabled by setting it to
  # 0.
  # max-series-per-database = 1000000
  
  # The maximum number of tag values per tag that are allowed before writes are dropped.  This limit
  # can prevent high cardinality tag values from being written to a measurement.  This limit can be
  # disabled by setting it to 0.
  # max-values-per-tag = 100000
  
  # Settings for the tsi1 index
  
  # The threshold, in bytes, when an index write-ahead log file will compact
  # into an index file. Lower sizes will cause log files to be compacted more
  # quickly and result in lower heap usage at the expense of write throughput.
  # Higher sizes will be compacted less frequently, store more series in-memory,
  # and provide higher write throughput.
  # Valid size suffixes are k, m, or g (case insensitive, 1024 = 1k).
  # Values without a size suffix are in bytes.
  max-index-log-file-size = "1m"
  
  # The size of the internal cache used in the TSI index to store previously
  # calculated series results. Cached results will be returned quickly from the cache rather
  # than needing to be recalculated when a subsequent query with a matching tag key/value
  # predicate is executed. Setting this value to 0 will disable the cache, which may
  # lead to query performance issues.
  # This value should only be increased if it is known that the set of regularly used
  # tag key/value predicates across all measurements for a database is larger than 100. An
  # increase in cache size may lead to an increase in heap usage.
  series-id-set-cache-size = 100
  
###
### [coordinator]
###
### Controls the clustering service configuration.
###
  
[coordinator]
  # The default time a write request will wait until a "timeout" error is returned to the caller.
  # write-timeout = "10s"
  
  # The maximum number of concurrent queries allowed to be executing at one time.  If a query is
  # executed and exceeds this limit, an error is returned to the caller.  This limit can be disabled
  # by setting it to 0.
  # max-concurrent-queries = 0
  
  # The maximum time a query will is allowed to execute before being killed by the system.  This limit
  # can help prevent run away queries.  Setting the value to 0 disables the limit.
  query-timeout = "60s"
  
  # The time threshold when a query will be logged as a slow query.  This limit can be set to help
  # discover slow or resource intensive queries.  Setting the value to 0 disables the slow query logging.
  log-queries-after = "10s"
  
  # The maximum number of points a SELECT can process.  A value of 0 will make
  # the maximum point count unlimited.  This will only be checked every second so queries will not
  # be aborted immediately when hitting the limit.
  # max-select-point = 0
  
  # The maximum number of series a SELECT can run.  A value of 0 will make the maximum series
  # count unlimited.
  # max-select-series = 0
  
  # The maxium number of group by time bucket a SELECT can create.  A value of zero will max the maximum
  # number of buckets unlimited.
  # max-select-buckets = 0
  
###
### [retention]
###
### Controls the enforcement of retention policies for evicting old data.
###
  
[retention]
  # Determines whether retention policy enforcement enabled.
  # enabled = true
  
  # The interval of time when retention policy enforcement checks run.
  # check-interval = "30m"
  
###
### [shard-precreation]
###
### Controls the precreation of shards, so they are available before data arrives.
### Only shards that, after creation, will have both a start- and end-time in the
### future, will ever be created. Shards are never precreated that would be wholly
### or partially in the past.
  
[shard-precreation]
  # Determines whether shard pre-creation service is enabled.
  # enabled = true
  
  # The interval of time when the check to pre-create new shards runs.
  # check-interval = "10m"
  
  # The default period ahead of the endtime of a shard group that its successor
  # group is created.
  # advance-period = "30m"
  
###
### Controls the system self-monitoring, statistics and diagnostics.
###
### The internal database for monitoring data is created automatically if
### if it does not already exist. The target retention within this database
### is called ‘monitor‘ and is also created with a retention period of 7 days
### and a replication factor of 1, if it does not exist. In all cases the
### this retention policy is configured as the default for the database.
  
[monitor]
  # Whether to record statistics internally.
  # store-enabled = true
  
  # The destination database for recorded statistics
  # store-database = "_internal"
  
  # The interval at which to record statistics
  # store-interval = "10s"
  
###
### [http]
###
### Controls how the HTTP endpoints are configured. These are the primary
### mechanism for getting data into and out of InfluxDB.
###
  
[http]
  # Determines whether HTTP endpoint is enabled.
  # enabled = true
  
  # Determines whether the Flux query endpoint is enabled.
  # flux-enabled = false
  
  # Determines whether the Flux query logging is enabled.
  # flux-log-enabled = false
  
  # The bind address used by the HTTP service.
  # bind-address = ":8086"
  
  # Determines whether user authentication is enabled over HTTP/HTTPS.
  # auth-enabled = false
  
  # The default realm sent back when issuing a basic auth challenge.
  # realm = "InfluxDB"
  
  # Determines whether HTTP request logging is enabled.
  # log-enabled = true
  
  # Determines whether the HTTP write request logs should be suppressed when the log is enabled.
  # suppress-write-log = false
  
  # When HTTP request logging is enabled, this option specifies the path where
  # log entries should be written. If unspecified, the default is to write to stderr, which
  # intermingles HTTP logs with internal InfluxDB logging.
  #
  # If influxd is unable to access the specified path, it will log an error and fall back to writing
  # the request log to stderr.
  # access-log-path = ""
  
  # Filters which requests should be logged. Each filter is of the pattern NNN, NNX, or NXX where N is
  # a number and X is a wildcard for any number. To filter all 5xx responses, use the string 5xx.
  # If multiple filters are used, then only one has to match. The default is to have no filters which
  # will cause every request to be printed.
  # access-log-status-filters = []
  
  # Determines whether detailed write logging is enabled.
  # write-tracing = false
  
  # Determines whether the pprof endpoint is enabled.  This endpoint is used for
  # troubleshooting and monitoring.
  # pprof-enabled = true
  
  # Enables a pprof endpoint that binds to localhost:6060 immediately on startup.
  # This is only needed to debug startup issues.
  # debug-pprof-enabled = false
  
  # Determines whether HTTPS is enabled.
  # https-enabled = false
  
  # The SSL certificate to use when HTTPS is enabled.
  # https-certificate = "/etc/ssl/influxdb.pem"
  
  # Use a separate private key location.
  # https-private-key = ""
  
  # The JWT auth shared secret to validate requests using JSON web tokens.
  # shared-secret = ""
  
  # The default chunk size for result sets that should be chunked.
  # max-row-limit = 0
  
  # The maximum number of HTTP connections that may be open at once.  New connections that
  # would exceed this limit are dropped.  Setting this value to 0 disables the limit.
  # max-connection-limit = 0
  
  # Enable http service over unix domain socket
  # unix-socket-enabled = false
  
  # The path of the unix domain socket.
  # bind-socket = "/var/run/influxdb.sock"
  
  # The maximum size of a client request body, in bytes. Setting this value to 0 disables the limit.
  # max-body-size = 25000000
  
  # The maximum number of writes processed concurrently.
  # Setting this to 0 disables the limit.
  # max-concurrent-write-limit = 0
  
  # The maximum number of writes queued for processing.
  # Setting this to 0 disables the limit.
  # max-enqueued-write-limit = 0
  
  # The maximum duration for a write to wait in the queue to be processed.
  # Setting this to 0 or setting max-concurrent-write-limit to 0 disables the limit.
  # enqueued-write-timeout = 0
  
###
### [logging]
###
### Controls how the logger emits logs to the output.
###
  
[logging]
  # Determines which log encoder to use for logs. Available options
  # are auto, logfmt, and json. auto will use a more a more user-friendly
  # output format if the output terminal is a TTY, but the format is not as
  # easily machine-readable. When the output is a non-TTY, auto will use
  # logfmt.
  # format = "auto"
  
  # Determines which level of logs will be emitted. The available levels
  # are error, warn, info, and debug. Logs that are equal to or above the
  # specified level will be emitted.
  # level = "info"
  
  # Suppresses the logo output that is printed when the program is started.
  # The logo is always suppressed if STDOUT is not a TTY.
  # suppress-logo = false
  
###
### [subscriber]
###
### Controls the subscriptions, which can be used to fork a copy of all data
### received by the InfluxDB host.
###
  
[subscriber]
  # Determines whether the subscriber service is enabled.
  # enabled = true
  
  # The default timeout for HTTP writes to subscribers.
  # http-timeout = "30s"
  
  # Allows insecure HTTPS connections to subscribers.  This is useful when testing with self-
  # signed certificates.
  # insecure-skip-verify = false
  
  # The path to the PEM encoded CA certs file. If the empty string, the default system certs will be used
  # ca-certs = ""
  
  # The number of writer goroutines processing the write channel.
  # write-concurrency = 40
  
  # The number of in-flight writes buffered in the write channel.
  # write-buffer-size = 1000
  
  
###
### [[graphite]]
###
### Controls one or many listeners for Graphite data.
###
  
[[graphite]]
  # Determines whether the graphite endpoint is enabled.
  # enabled = false
  # database = "graphite"
  # retention-policy = ""
  # bind-address = ":2003"
  # protocol = "tcp"
  # consistency-level = "one"
  
  # These next lines control how batching works. You should have this enabled
  # otherwise you could get dropped metrics or poor performance. Batching
  # will buffer points in memory if you have many coming in.
  
  # Flush if this many points get buffered
  # batch-size = 5000
  
  # number of batches that may be pending in memory
  # batch-pending = 10
  
  # Flush at least this often even if we haven‘t hit buffer limit
  # batch-timeout = "1s"
  
  # UDP Read buffer size, 0 means OS default. UDP listener will fail if set above OS max.
  # udp-read-buffer = 0
  
  ### This string joins multiple matching ‘measurement‘ values providing more control over the final measurement name.
  # separator = "."
  
  ### Default tags that will be added to all metrics.  These can be overridden at the template level
  ### or by tags extracted from metric
  # tags = ["region=us-east", "zone=1c"]
  
  ### Each template line requires a template pattern.  It can have an optional
  ### filter before the template and separated by spaces.  It can also have optional extra
  ### tags following the template.  Multiple tags should be separated by commas and no spaces
  ### similar to the line protocol format.  There can be only one default template.
  # templates = [
  #   "*.app env.service.resource.measurement",
  #   # Default template
  #   "server.*",
  # ]
  
###
### [collectd]
###
### Controls one or many listeners for collectd data.
###
  
[[collectd]]
  # enabled = false
  # bind-address = ":25826"
  # database = "collectd"
  # retention-policy = ""
  #
  # The collectd service supports either scanning a directory for multiple types
  # db files, or specifying a single db file.
  # typesdb = "/usr/local/share/collectd"
  #
  # security-level = "none"
  # auth-file = "/etc/collectd/auth_file"
  
  # These next lines control how batching works. You should have this enabled
  # otherwise you could get dropped metrics or poor performance. Batching
  # will buffer points in memory if you have many coming in.
  
  # Flush if this many points get buffered
  # batch-size = 5000
  
  # Number of batches that may be pending in memory
  # batch-pending = 10
  
  # Flush at least this often even if we haven‘t hit buffer limit
  # batch-timeout = "10s"
  
  # UDP Read buffer size, 0 means OS default. UDP listener will fail if set above OS max.
  # read-buffer = 0
  
  # Multi-value plugins can be handled two ways.
  # "split" will parse and store the multi-value plugin data into separate measurements
  # "join" will parse and store the multi-value plugin as a single multi-value measurement.
  # "split" is the default behavior for backward compatability with previous versions of influxdb.
  # parse-multivalue-plugin = "split"
###
### [opentsdb]
###
### Controls one or many listeners for OpenTSDB data.
###
  
[[opentsdb]]
  # enabled = false
  # bind-address = ":4242"
  # database = "opentsdb"
  # retention-policy = ""
  # consistency-level = "one"
  # tls-enabled = false
  # certificate= "/etc/ssl/influxdb.pem"
  
  # Log an error for every malformed point.
  # log-point-errors = true
  
  # These next lines control how batching works. You should have this enabled
  # otherwise you could get dropped metrics or poor performance. Only points
  # metrics received over the telnet protocol undergo batching.
  
  # Flush if this many points get buffered
  # batch-size = 1000
  
  # Number of batches that may be pending in memory
  # batch-pending = 5
  
  # Flush at least this often even if we haven‘t hit buffer limit
  # batch-timeout = "1s"
  
###
### [[udp]]
###
### Controls the listeners for InfluxDB line protocol data via UDP.
###
  
[[udp]]
  # enabled = false
  # bind-address = ":8089"
  # database = "udp"
  # retention-policy = ""
  
  # InfluxDB precision for timestamps on received points ("" or "n", "u", "ms", "s", "m", "h")
  # precision = ""
  
  # These next lines control how batching works. You should have this enabled
  # otherwise you could get dropped metrics or poor performance. Batching
  # will buffer points in memory if you have many coming in.
  
  # Flush if this many points get buffered
  # batch-size = 5000
  
  # Number of batches that may be pending in memory
  # batch-pending = 10
  
  # Will flush at least this often even if we haven‘t hit buffer limit
  # batch-timeout = "1s"
  
  # UDP Read buffer size, 0 means OS default. UDP listener will fail if set above OS max.
  # read-buffer = 0
  
###
### [continuous_queries]
###
### Controls how continuous queries are run within InfluxDB.
###
  
[continuous_queries]
  # Determines whether the continuous query service is enabled.
  # enabled = true
  
  # Controls whether queries are logged when executed by the CQ service.
  # log-enabled = true
  
  # Controls whether queries are logged to the self-monitoring data store.
  # query-stats-enabled = false
  
  # interval for how often continuous queries will be checked if they need to run
  # run-interval = "1s"
  
###
### [tls]
###
### Global configuration settings for TLS in InfluxDB.
###
  
[tls]
  # Determines the available set of cipher suites. See https://golang.org/pkg/crypto/tls/#pkg-constants
  # for a list of available ciphers, which depends on the version of Go (use the query
  # SHOW DIAGNOSTICS to see the version of Go used to build InfluxDB). If not specified, uses
  # the default settings from Go‘s crypto/tls package.
  # ciphers = [
  #   "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305",
  #   "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
  # ]
  
  # Minimum version of the tls protocol that will be negotiated. If not specified, uses the
  # default settings from Go‘s crypto/tls package.
  # min-version = "tls1.2"
  
  # Maximum version of the tls protocol that will be negotiated. If not specified, uses the
  # default settings from Go‘s crypto/tls package.
  # max-version = "tls1.2"

7、rsyslog配置

cat >/etc/rsyslog.d/influxd.conf <<EOF
:programname, contains, "influxd" /var/log/influxdb/influxd.log
:programname, contains, "influxd" ~
EOF

systemctl restart rsyslog

  • rsyslog配置说明

举例

Mar 10 14:47:04 vm-hp LogHeader[8261]: Hello, Logger

支持的模板属性变量输出如下

msg:  Hello, Logger,
rawmsg: <175>Mar 10 15:52:49 LogHeader[13845]: Hello, Logger,
HOSTNAME: vm-28-234-pro01-hp,
FROMHOST: vm-28-234-pro01-hp,
syslogtag: LogHeader[13845]:,
programname: LogHeader,
PRI: 175,
PRI-text: local5.debug,
IUT: 1,
syslogfacility: 21,
syslogfacility-text: local5,
syslogseverity: 7,
syslogseverity-text: debug,
timereported: Mar 10 15:52:49,
TIMESTAMP: Mar 10 15:52:49,
timegenerated: Mar 10 15:52:49,
PROTOCOL-VERSION: 0,
STRUCTURED-DATA: -,
APP-NAME: LogHeader,
PROCID: 13845,
MSGID: -

参考:https://aicode.cc/shi-yongrsyslog-guan-li-ri-zhi.html 

8、启动服务

启动服务 systemctl start influxd

停止服务 systemctl stop influxd

重启服务 systemctl restart influxd

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