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在Linux中GDB核心转储:通过build-id查找可执行文件

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-04-17 10:13 出处:网络
有可能让gdb自动找到相应的可执行文件吗?我已经解压缩了调试符号并将它们放在/usr/lib/debug/.build-id/目录中.当我用gdb /usr/bin/executable core启动gdb时,一切正常.可执行文件和所有共享库的所有调试符号都会自
有可能让gdb自动找到相应的可执行文件吗?我已经解压缩了调试符号并将它们放在/usr/lib/debug/.build-id/目录中.当我用gdb /usr/bin/executable core启动gdb时,一切正常.可执行文件和所有共享库的所有调试符号都会自动加载,因为gdb知道build-id并自动加载它.

$gdb /usr/bin/executable core
GNU gdb (GDB) 7.0.1-debian
Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  Type "show copying"
and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "i486-Linux-gnu".
For bug reporting instructions, please see:
<http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb/bugs/>...
Reading symbols from /usr/bin/executable...Reading symbols from /usr/lib/debug/.build-id/b7/fada8ba917de74a6055647f3ac205dee1615c8.debug...done.

但是,当我刚启动gdb并加载核心文件时,不会加载任何调试符号.

(gdb) core-file core
[New Thread 10822]
[New Thread 10812]
Core was generated by `/usr/bin/executable'.
Program terminated with signal 6, Aborted.
#0  0xb7790424 in __kernel_vsyscall ()

使用strace运行gdb表明它甚至没有尝试找到它们.核心文件包含build-id,所以我猜gdb应该能够找到它…

$eu-unstrip -n --core core
0x8048000+0x25d000 b7fada8ba917de74a6055647f3ac205dee1615c8@0x8048178 - - [exe]
0xb7790000+0x1000 da7bd9bbfe599f7e9b644d684db983c4b34d8f31@0xb77901ec . - Linux-gate.so.1
0xb7771000+0x19000 242ae1f2965ed161f3715858d7792019963b57fd@0xb7771164 /lib/i686/cmov/libpthread.so.0 - libpthread.so.0
0xb7768000+0x9000 06a49519b1ede0f79596e4b0cd07d2beba43b2dc@0xb7768164 /lib/i686/cmov/librt.so.1 - librt.so.1
0xb7672000+0xf5000 9daf5aac9ccc9281f2805639c3f87731beae5548@0xb7672144 /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6 - libstdc++.so.6
0xb764c000+0x26000 696d5fb148fe51609203903d470a8f85d458cd17@0xb764c164 /lib/i686/cmov/libm.so.6 - libm.so.6
0xb762e000+0x1e000 d2a7edbd5dafabb7bb90198eeb58013342c589f0@0xb762e104 /lib/libgcc_s.so.1 - libgcc_s.so.1
0xb74e7000+0x147000 2124040143ac9f7478cc16b474b1cfdfe2c45353@0xb74e7184 /lib/i686/cmov/libc.so.6 - libc.so.6
0xb7791000+0x1d000 5a6fc3cf12f68887cbf22da3a9785d00f7d91c41@0xb7791124 /lib/ld-Linux.so.2 - ld-Linux.so.2

有没有办法让gdb查找可执行文件的调试文件而不提供导致核心转储的可执行文件?

您可以尝试直接加载调试符号:

(gdb) symbol-file /tmp/your_debug_symbols.dbg

但我不认为coredump本身对GDB来说已经足够了,需要提供可执行文件才能理解核心转储.

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