运维开发网

C++基于socket多线程实现网络聊天室

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-07-02 10:34 出处:网络 作者: 超级大洋葱806
本文实例为大家分享了C++基于socket多线程实现网络聊天室的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

本文实例为大家分享了C++基于socket多线程实现网络聊天室的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

1. 实现图解

C++基于socket多线程实现网络聊天室

2. 聊天室服务端:TCP_Server_Chat.cpp

#include <winsock2.h> // winsock2的头文件
#include <iostream>
#pragma comment(lib, "ws2_32.lib")
using namespace std;

// stdcall的线程处理函数
DWORD WINAPI ThreadFun(LPVOID lpThreadParameter);

int main()
{
 WSADATA wd;
 if(WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,2), &wd) != 0)
 {
  cout << "WSAStartup Error:" << WSAGetLaeVNyEYstError() << endl;
  return 0;
 }

 // 1. 创建流式套接字
 SOCKET s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
 if(s == INVALID_SOCKET)
 {
  cout << "socket error:" << WSAGetLastError() << endl;
  return 0;
 }

 // 2. 绑定端口和ip
 sockaddr_in addr;
 memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(sockaddr_in));
 addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
 addr.sin_port = htons(8000);
 addr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");

 int len = sizeof(sockaddr_in);
 if(bind(s, (SOCKADDR*)&addr, len) == SOCKET_ERROR)
 {
  cout << "bind Error:" << WSAGetLastError() << endl;
  return 0;
 }

 // 3. 监听
 listen(s,5);

 // 主线程循环接收客户端的连接
 while(true)
 {
  sockaddr_in addrClient;
  len = sizeof(sockaddr_in);
  // 4.接受成功返回与client通讯的Socket
  SOCKET c = accept(s, (SOCKADDR*)&addrClient, &len);
  if(c != INVALID_SOCKET)
  {
   // 创建线程,并且传入与client通讯的套接字
   HANDLE hThread = CreateThread(NULL, 0, ThreadFun, (LPVOID)c, 0, NULL);
   CloseHandle(hThread); // 关闭对线程的引用
  }

 }

 // 6.关闭监听套接字
 closesocket(s);
 
 // 清理winsock2的环境
 WSACleanup();

 return 0;
}

DWORD WINAPI ThreadFun(LPVOID lpThreadParameter)
{
 // 5.与客户端通讯,发送或者接受数据
 SOCKET c= (SOCKET)lpThreadParameter;

 cout << "欢迎" << c << "进入聊天室!" << endl;

 // 发送数据
 char buf[100] = {0};
 sprintf(buf,"欢迎 %d 进入聊天室!",c);
 send(c,buf, 100, 0);

 // 循环接收客户端数据
 int ret=0;
 do 
 {
  char buf2[100] = {0};
  ret = recv(c, buf2, 100, 0);

  cout << c << " 说:" << buf2 << endl;

 } while (ret!=SOCKET_ERROR && ret!=0);

 cout << c << "离开了聊天室!";

 return 0;
}

启动聊天室服务端:

C++基于socket多线程实现网络聊天室

3. 聊天室客户端:TCP_Client_Chat.cpp

#include<winsock2.h>//winsock2的头文件
#include<iostream>
usieVNyEYng  namespace std;

//勿忘,链接dll的lib
#pragma comment(lib, "ws2_32.lib")

int  main()
{

 //加载wineVNyEYsock2的环境
 WSADATA  wd;
 if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2, 2), &wd) != 0)
 {
  cout << "WSAStartup  error:" << GetLastError() << endl;
  return 0;
 }

 //1.创建流式套接字
 SOCKET  s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
 if (s == INVALID_SOCKET)
 {
  cout << "socket  error:" &lhttp://www.cppcns.comt;< GetLastError() << endl;
  return 0;
 }

 //2.链接服务器
 sockaddr_in   addr;
 addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
 addr.sin_port = htons(8000);
 addr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");

 int len = sizeof(sockaddr_in);
 if (connect(s, (SOCKADDR*)&addr, len) == SOCKET_ERROR)
 {
  cout << "connect  error:" << GetLastError() << endl;
  return 0;
 }

 //3接收服务端的消息
 char buf[100] = { 0 };
 recv(s, buf, 100, 0);
 cout <<  buf << endl;

 //3随时给服务端发消息
 int  ret = 0;
 do
 {
  char buf[100] = {0};
  cout << "请输入聊天内容:";
  cin >> buf; 
  ret = send(s, buf, 100, 0); 
www.cppcns.com } while (ret != SOCKET_ERROR&& ret != 0);


 //4.关闭监听套接字
 closesocket(s);

 //清理winsock2的环境
 WSACleanup();


 return 0;
}

启动2个客户端

C++基于socket多线程实现网络聊天室

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持我们。

0

精彩评论

暂无评论...
验证码 换一张
取 消