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springboot HandlerIntercepter拦截器修改request body数据的操作

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-06-30 09:31 出处:网络 作者: Skyler
实际工作中学习技术是最快、最深刻的。当然,自身的持续学习意识是必须的

实际工作中学习技术是最快、最深刻的。当然,自身的持续学习意识是必须的

技术栈版本:

spring bo编程客栈ot 2.0.2

遇到事儿了

近来做业务需求,前端同学fe将userIduserName放到request header中了。

后端api接口要想使用userIduserName,每个接口都要从header中获取。

试想一下,如果你有十个接口,那么每个接口都要写一遍

Object.setUserId(request.getHeader("userId"))

正如下面代码段

@RestController
@Validated
@RequestMapping("/template")
public class TemplateController {
    // 一个feign client
    @Autowired 
    TemplateClient templateClient
    @PostMapping(value = "/create", produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_jsON_VALUE)
    public ResultVO create(@RequestBody @Valid TemplateParam param, HttpServletRequest request) {
        // 每个接口都要写一遍setXXX()方法
        param.setUserId(request.getHeader("userId"));
        param.setUserName(request.getHeader("userName"));
        return templateClient.createTemplate(param).toResultVO();
    }
}   
@Data
public class TemplateParam{
    private Long templateId; 
    private Long userId;
    private String userName;
}

解决办法

大家都知道的两大利器,

tomcatFilterspringIntercepter(具体为HandlerIntercepter)

实现原理

具体方法为定义一个Filter实现类和一个HandlerIntercepter的实现类。再定义一个HttpServletRequest实现类,其作用分别为

Filter实现类:UserInfoFilter

创建一个入口,在这个入口中定义一个机会:将我们自定义的CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper代替HttpServletRequest随着请求传递下去

HttpServletRequest实现类:customHttpServletRequestWrapper

因为HttpServletRequest对象的body数据只能get,不能set,即不能再次赋值。

而我们的需求是需要给HttpServletRequesoCRgJYkt赋值,所以需要定义一个HttpServletRequest实现类:customHttpServletRequestWrapper,这个实现类可以被赋值来满足我们的需求。

HandlerIntercepter的实现类:CustomInterceptor

拦截请求,获取接口方法相关信息(方法名,参数,返回值等)。从而实现统一的给request body动态赋值

实现思路如上所述,具体的实现代码如下

代码实现

声明基础bean: UserInfoParam

UserInfoParam:定义了包含userId,userName的实体bean,要想将用户信息注入进入,需要入参对象XXXParam继承UserInfoParam,拦截器中只处理@Requestbody中实现了UserInfoParam类的bean

如上文controllercreate方法的入参:TemplateParam,继承UserInfoParam

@Data
public class TemplateParam extends UserInfoParam{
    private Long templateId; 
    // private Long userId;
    // private String userName;
}
@Data
public class UserInfoParam {
// 用户id
private Long userId;
// 用户名称
private String userName;
}

定义Filter实现类: UserInfoFilter

@Slf4j
public class UserInfoFilter implements Filter {
    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper customHttpServletRequestWrapper = null;
        try {
            HttpServletRequest req = (HttpServletRequest)request;
            customHttpServletRequestWrapper = new CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper(req);
        }catch (Exception e){
            log.warn("customHttpServletRequestWrapper Error:", e);
        }
        chain.doFilter((Objects.isNull(customHttpServletRequestWrapper) ? request : customHttpServletRequestWrapper), response);
    }
}

HttpServletRequest实现类:CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper

public class CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {
    // 保存request body的数据
    private String body;
    // 解析request的inputStream(即body)数据,转成字符串
    public CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper(HttpServletRequest request) {
        super(request);
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        InputStream inputStream = null;
        try {
            inputStream = request.getInputStream();
            if (inputStream != null) {
                bufferedReader = new oCRgJYkBufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));
                char[] charBuffer = new char[128];
                int bytesRead = -1;
                while ((bytesRead = bufferedReader.read(charBuffer)) > 0) {
                    stringBuilder.append(charBuffer, 0, bytesRead);
                }
            } else {
                stringBuilder.append("");
            }
        } catch (IOException ex) {
        } finally {
            if (inputStream != null) {
                try {
                    inputStream.close();
                }
                catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (bufferedReader != null) {
                try {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                }
                catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        body = stringBuilder.toString();
    }
    @Override
    public ServletInputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        final ByteArrayInputStream byteArrayInputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(body.getBytes());
        ServletInputStream servletInputStream = new ServletInputStream() {
            @Override
            public boolean isFinished() {
                return false;
            }
            @Override
            public boolean isReady() {
                return false;
            }
            @Override
            public void setReadListener(ReadListener readListener) {
            }
            @Override
            public int read() throws IOException {
                return byteArrayInputStream.read();
            }
        };
        return servletInputStream;
    }
    @Override
    public BufferedReader getReader() throws IOException {
        return new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(this.getInputStream()));
    }
    public String getBody() {
        return this.body;
    }
    // 赋值给body字段
    public void setBody(String body) {
        this.body = body;
    }
}

HandlerIntercepter的实现类:CustomInterceptor

@Slf4j
public class CustomInterceptor编程客栈 implements HandlerInterceptor {
    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler)
        throws Exception {
        if (!(handler instanceof HandlerMethod)) {
            return true;
        }
        HandlerMethod handlerMethod = (HandlerMethod)handler;
        pushUserInfo2Body(request, handlerMethod);
        return true;
    }
    private void pushUserInfo2Body(HttpServletRequest request, HandlerMethod handlerMethod) {
        try{
            String userId = request.getHeader("userId");
            String userName = request.getHeader("userName");
            MethodParameter[] methodParameters = handlerMethod.getMethodParameters();
            if(ArrayUtils.isEmpty(methodParameters)) {
                return;
            }
            for (MethodParameter methodParameter : methodParameters) {
                Class clazz = methodParameter.getParameterType();
                if(ClassUtils.isAssignable(UserInfoParam.class, clazz)){
                    if(request instanceof CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper编程客栈){
                        CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper requestWrapper = (CustomHttpServletRequestWrapper)request;
                        String body = requestWrapper.getBody();
                        JSONObject param = JSONObject.parseObject(body);
                        param.put("userId", userId);
                        param.put("userName", Objects.isNull(userName) ? null : URLDecoder.decode(userName, "UTF-8"));
                        requestWrapper.setBody(JSON.toJSONString(param));
                    }
                }
            }
        }catch (Exception e){
            log.warn("fill userInfo to request body Error ", e);
        }
    }

定义Configuration class,增加拦截器和过滤器的配置

WebMvcConfigurer子类:CustomWebMvcConfigurer

@Configuration
public class CustomWebMvcConfigurer implements WebMvcConfigurer {
    @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        CustomInterceptor customInterceptor= new CustomInterceptor();
        registry.addInterceptor(customInterceptor);
    }
    @Bean
    public FilterRegistrationBean servletRegistrationBean() {
        UserInfoFilter userInfoFilter = new UserInfoFilter();
        FilterRegistrationBean<UserInfoFilter> bean = new FilterRegistrationBean<>();
        bean.setFilter(userInfoFilter);
        bean.setName("userInfoFilter");
        bean.addUrlPatterns("/*");
        bean.setOrder(Ordered.LOWEST_PRECEDENCE);
        return bean;
    }
}

到此,实现功能的代码撸完了。启动spring boot App,就可以curl访问restful接口了

http访问

curl -X POST \
  http://localhost:8080/template/create
  -H 'Content-Type: application/json'
  -H 'username: tiankong天空'
  -H 'userId: 11'
  -d '{
  "templateId": 1000}

效果

可以看到TemplateController.create(…)打出的信息,userIdusername的值正是header中传的值

toDo

剩下的就看你的了,以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持我们。

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