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Android自定义圆点指示器

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-06-17 08:25 出处:网络 作者: z11h
本文实例为大家分享了android自定义圆点指示器的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

本文实例为大家分享了android自定义圆点指示器的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

先上效果图

Android自定义圆点指示器

大概思路就是自定义View 从左至右绘制圆点 然后在ViewPager的OnPageChangeListener中设置当前页面的圆点

下面是代码

先定义属性

<resources>
    <attr name="selectedColor" format="color"/>
    <attr name="unselectedColor" format="color"/>
    <declare-styleable name="Indicator">
        <attr name="selectedColor"/>
        <attr name="unselectedColor"/>
    </declare-styleable>
</resources>

接下来是自定义的View

public class Indicator extends View{
 
    private static final int DEFAULT_TOTAL_INDEX = 5;
    private static final int DEFAULT_CURRENT_INDEX = 0;
    private static final int DEFAULT_CIRCLE_DISTANCE = 40;
    private static final int DEFAULT_CIRCLE_RADIUS = 8;
    private static final int DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS = 11;
 
    private int selectedColor;
    private int unselectedColor;
    private int currentIndex;
    private int totalIndex;
    private Paint paint;
    private int startX;
    private int startSelectedY;
    private int startY;
    private int centreX;
 
    public Indicator(Context context) {
        this(context,null);
    }
 
    public Indicator(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs,0);
    }
 
    public Indicator(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
        TypedArray typedArray = context.getTheme().obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,R.styleable.Indicator,defStyleAttr,0);
        selectedColor = typedArray.getColor(R.styleable.Indicator_selectedColor, Color.LTGRAY);
        unselectedColor = typedArray.getColor(R.styleable.Indicator_unselectedColor,Color.WHITE);
        typedArray.recycle();
        totalIndex = DEFAULT_TOTAL_INDEX;
        currentIndex = DEFAULT_CURRENT_INDEX;
        paint = new Paint();
    }

从TypedArray中获取自定义的属性,totalIndex是总的圆点个数,currentIndex是当前页面的圆点

接下来是重写的OnDraw()方法

@Override
    protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
        super.onDraw(canvas);
        centreX = getWidth() / 2;
        startSelectedY = getHeight() / 2 - DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS;
        startY = getH编程客栈eight() / 2 - DEFAULT_CIRCLE_RADIUS;
        if (totalIndex % 2 == 0){
            startX = centreX - (int)(1.0 * (totalIndex - 1)/2 * DEFAULT_CIRCLE_DISTANCE);
        }else{
            startX = centreX - totalIndex / 2 * DEFAULT_CIRCLE_DISTANCE;
        }
        paint.setAntiAlias(true);
        paint.setColor(unselectedColor);
        int tempX = startX;
        for(int i = 0 ; i < totalIndex ; i++ ){
            RectF rectF = new RectF(tempX - DEFAULT_CIRCLE_RADIUS,startY,
                    tempX + DEFAULT_CIRCLE_RADIUS,startY + 2 * DEFAULT_CIRCLE_RADIUS);
            if (i == currentIndex) {
                paint.setColor(selectedColor);
                rectF = new RectF(tempX - DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS,startSelectedY,
                        tempX + DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS,startSelectedY + 2 * DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS);
            }
            canvas.drawOval(rectF,paint);
            if (paint.getColor() == selectedColor)
                paint.setColor(unselectedColor);
            tempX += DEFAULT_CIRCLE_DISTANCE;
        }
    }

因为当前页面的圆点和未选中页面的圆点要设置不同的大小 所以分别设置每个圆点的坐标 然后用for循环绘制圆点

这里有一点要注意 new RectF() 的四个参数分别是圆点外面的矩形的左上角的X,Y和右下角的X,Y

接下来是设置当前页面的圆点的方法

public void setCurrentIndex(int currentIndex){
        //if (currentIndex < 0)
        //    currentIndex += totalIndex ;
        //if (currentIndex > totalIndex - 1)
        //    currentIndex %= totalIndex;
        this.currentIndex = currentIndex;
        invalidate();
    }

注释里的代码是当页面可以循环的时候设置的

接下来是设置总的圆点个数的方法

public void setTotalIndex(int totalIndex){
        int oldTotalIndex = this.totalIndex;
        if (totalIndex < 1)
            return;
        if (totalIndex < oldTotalIndex){
            if (currentIndex == totalIndex )
                currentIndex = totalIndex - 1;
        }
        this.totalIndex = totalIndex;
        invalidate();
    }

当删除圆点的时候 如果currentIndex是最后一个 让currentIndex向前移动

接下来是重写的OnMeasure()方法

@Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        setMeasuredDimension(measureWidth(widthMeasureSpec),measureHeight(heightMeasureSpec));
    }
 
    private int measureHeight(int measureSpec){
        int rebcqXgzjsult;
        int specMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(measureSpec);
        int specSize = MeasureSpec.getSize(measureSpec);
        int desired = DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS * 2 + getPaddingBottom() + getPaddingTop();
        if(specMode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY) {
            result = Math.max(desired,specSize);
        }else{
            if(specMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){
                result = Math.min(desired,specSize);
            }
            else result = desired;
        }
        return result;
    }
 
    private int measureWidth(int measureSpec){
        int result;
        int specMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(measureSpec);
        int specSize = MeasureSpec.getSize(measureSpec);
        int desired = (totalIndex - 1) * DEFAULT_CIRCLE_DISTANCE + DEFAULT_CIRCLE_SELECTED_RADIUS * 2 + getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight();
        if(specMode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY) {
            result = Math.max(desired,specSize);
        }else{
            if(specMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){
                result = Math.min(desired,specSize);
            }else result = desired;
        }
        return result;
    }

下面是MainActivity的布局代码,很简单

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_paren编程客栈t"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.bcqXgzjexample.lzh123.learnviewpager.MainActivity">
 
    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        android:id="@+id/viewPager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"/>
 
    <com.example.lzh123.learnviewpager.Indicator
        app:selectedColor="#FFFFFF"
        app:unselectedColor="#C7C7C7"
        android:id="@+id/indicator"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
 
</RelativeLayout>

下面是MainActivity的代码

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
 
    View layout1,layout2,layout3;
    ViewPager viewPager;
    Indicator indicator;
 
    List<View> viewList;
 
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstwww.cppcns.comanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
 
        viewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.viewPager);
        LayoutInflater inflater = getLayoutInflater();
        layout1 = inflater.inflate(R.layout.layout1,null);
        layout2 = inflater.inflate(R.layout.layout2,null);
        layout3 = inflater.inflate(R.layout.layout3,null);
 
        viewList = new ArrayList<>();
        viewList.add(layout1);
        viewList.add(layout2);
        viewList.add(layout3);
 
 
        indicator = (Indicator) findViewById(R.id.indicator);
        indicator.setTotalIndex(viewList.size());
        PagerAdapter pagerAdapter = new PagerAdapter() {
            @Override
            public int getCount() {
                return viewList.size();
            }
 
            @Override
            public void destroyItem(ViewGroup container, int position, Object object) {
                container.removeView(viewList.get(position));
            }
 
            @Override
            public Object instantiateItem(ViewGroup container, int position) {
                container.addView(viewList.get(position));
 
                return position;
            }
 
            @Override
            public boolean isViewFromObject(View view, Object object) {
                return view == viewList.get(Integer.parseInt(object.toString()));
            }
        };
 
        viewPager.setAdapter(pagerAdapter);
        viewPager.setOnPageChangeListener(new PageChangeListener());
 
    }
 
    public class PageChangeListener implements ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener{
 
 
        @Override
        public void onPageSelected(int position) {
 
            indicator.setCurrentIndex(position);
        }
 
        @Override
        public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
 
        }
 
        @Override
        public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
 
        }
    }

ViewPager里添加了三个空页面 然后设置指示器的圆点个数,最后在ViewPager的OnPageChangeListener中设置当前的 页面的圆点。

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持我们。

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