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SpringBoot 整合 Shiro 密码登录与邮件验证码登录功能(多 Realm 认证)

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-03-01 10:16 出处:网络 作者: 风青宇
导入依赖(pom.xml) <!--整合Shiro安全框架--> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>

导入依赖(pom.xml)

 <!--整合Shiro安全框架-->
  <dependency>
   <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
   <artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId>
   <version>1.4.0</version>
  </dependency>
  <!--集成jwt实现token认证-->
  <dependency>
   <groupId>com.auth0</groupId>
   <artifactId>java-jwt</artifactId>
   <version>3.2.0</version>
  </dependency>

在 SpringBoot 项目配置 config 包下创建 ShiroConfig 配置类

@Configuration
public class ShiroConfig {

 /**
  * ShiroFilterFactoryBean
  * <p>
  * anon:无需认证就可以访问
  * authc:必须认证才能访问
  * user:必须拥有 记住我 功能才能用
  * perms:拥有对某个资源的权限能访问
  * role:拥有某个角色权限能访问
  */
 @Bean
 public ShiroFilterFactoryBean getShiroFilterFactoryBean(@Qualifier("securityManager") DefaultWebSecurityManager defaultWebSecurityManager) {
  ShiroFilterFactoryBean factoryBean = new ShiroFilterFactoryBean();
  // 设置安全管理器
  factoryBean.setSecurityManager(defaultWebSecurityManager);
  // 添加shiro的内置过滤器
  Map<String, String> filterMap = new LinkedHashMap<>();
  // 放行不需要权限认证的接口
  www.cppcns.com// 网站首页
  filterMap.put("/", "anon");
  filterMap.put("/index", "anon");
  filterMap.put("/index.html", "anon");
  // 不验证跳转接口
  filterMap.put("/into/**", "anon");

  // 需要权限认证的接口
  // 验证跳转接口
  filterMap.put("/verifyInto/**", "authc");
  
  factoryBean.setFilterChainDefinitionMap(filterMap);

  // 访问没有授权的资源
  factoryBean.setLoginUrl("redirect:/into/login");
  // 设置无权限时跳转的url
  factoryBean.setUnauthorizedUrl("redirect:/into/login");

  return factoryBean;
 }

 /**
  * 管理shiro的生命周期
  */
 @Bean("lifecycleBeanPostProcessor")
 public LifecycleBeanPostProcessor lifecycleBeanPostProcessor() {
  return new LifecycleBeanPostProcessor();
 }

 /**
  * 注入 密码登录CustomRealm
  */
 @Bean
 @DependsOn("lifecycleBeanPostProcessor")
 public UserPasswordRealm userPasswordRealm() {
  return new UserPasswordRealm();
 }

 /**
  * 注入 邮箱验证登录EmailRealm
  */
 @Bean
 @DependsOn("lifecycleBeanPostProcessor")
 public UserEmailRealm userEmailRealm() {
  return new UserEmailRealm(编程客栈);
 }

 /**
  * 默认安全管理器
  */
 @Bean
 public DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager(UserPasswordRealm userPasswordRealm, UserEmailRealm userEmailRealm, AbstractAuthenticator abstractAuthenticator) {
  DefaultWebSecurityManager defaultWebSecurityManager = new DefaultWebSecurityManager();
  List<Realm> realms = new ArrayList<>();
  realms.add(userPasswordRealm);
  realms.add(userEmailRealm);
  defaultWebSecurityManager.setRealms(realms);
  // 记住我
  defaultWebSecurityManager.setRememberMeManager(cookieRememberMeManager());
  defaultWebSecurityManager.setAuthenticator(abstractAuthenticator);
  return defaultWebSecurityManager;
 }

 /**
  * 认证器 把我们的自定义验证加入到认证器中
  */
 @Bean
 public AbstractAuthenticator abstractAuthenticator(UserPasswordRealm userPasswordRealm, UserEmailRealm userEmailRealm) {
  // 自定义模块化认证器,用于解决多realm抛出异常问题
  //开始没用自定义异常问题,发现不管是账号密码错误还是什么错误
  //shiro只会抛出一个AuthenticationException异常
  ModularRealmAuthenticator authenticator = new MyCustomModularRealmAuthenticator();
  // 认证策略:AtLeastOneSuccessfulStrategy(默认),AllSuccessfulStrategy,FirstSuccessfulStrategy
  authenticator.setAuthenticationStrategy(new AtLeastOneSuccessfulStrategy());
  // 加入realms
  List<Realm> realms = new ArrayList<>();
  realms.add(userPasswordRealm);
  realms.add(userEmailRealm);
  authenticator.setRealms(realms);
  return authenticator;
 }

 /**
  * 加入shiro注解 代理生成器 切面
  */
 @Bean
 @DependsOn({"lifecycleBeanPostProcessor"})
 public DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator advisorAutoProxyCreator() {
  DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator advisorAutoProxyCreator = new DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator();
  advisorAutoProxyCreator.setProxyTargetClass(true);
  return advisorAutoProxyCreator;
 }

 /**
  * 加入shiro注解 切点
  */
 @Bean
 public AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor(DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager) {
  AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor = new AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor();
  authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor.setSecurityManager(securityManager);
  return authorizationAttributeSourceAd编程客栈visor;
 }

 /**
  * 设置cookie 记住我生成cookie
  */
 @Bean
 public CookieRememberMeManager cookieRememberMeManager() {
  CookieRememberMeManager cookieRememberMeManager = new CookieRememberMeManager();
  cookieRememberMeManager.setCookie(rememberMeCookie());
  return cookieRememberMeManager;
 }

 /**
  * 设置cookie有效时间
  */
 @Bean
 public SimpleCookie rememberMeCookie() {
  /*这个参数是cookie的名称,对应前端页面的checkbox的name=remremberMe*/
  SimpleCookie simpleCookie = new SimpleCookie("rememberMe");
  /*cookie的有效时间为30天,单位秒*/
  simpleCookie.setMaxAge(259200);
  return simpleCookie;
 }

}

创建自定义验证器 MyCustomModularhttp://www.cppcns.comRealmAuthenticator 类

public class MyCustomModularRealmAuthenticator extends ModularRealmAuthenticator {

 @Override
 protected AuthenticationInfo doMultiRealmAuthentication(Collection<Realm> realms, AuthenticationToken token) {
  AuthenticationStrategy authenticationStrategy = this.getAuthenticationStrategy();
  AuthenticationInfo authenticationInfo = authenticationStrategy.beforeAllAttempts(realms, token);

  Iterator var5 = realms.iterator();
  while (var5.hasNext()) {
   Realm realm = (Realm) var5.next();
   authenticationInfo = authenticationStrategy.beforeAttempt(realm, token, authenticationInfo);
   if (realm.supports(token)) {

    AuthenticationInfo info = null;
    Throwable t = null;

    info = realm.getAuthenticationInfo(token);

    authenticationInfo = authenticationStrategy.afterAttempt(realm, token, info, authenticationInfo, t);
   }
  }
  authenticationInfo = authenticationStrategy.afterAllAttempts(token, authenticationInfo);
  return authenticationInfo;
 }
}

创建密码登录时验证授权 UserPasswordRealm 类

@Component
public class UserPasswordRealm extends AuthorizingRealm {

 // 注入用户业务
 @Autowired
 private UserMapper userMapper;

 /**
  * 授权
  */
 @Override
 protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principals) {
  System.out.println("————密码授权————doGetAuthorizationInfo————");

  return null;
 }

 /**
  * 认证
  */
 @Override
 protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {
  System.out.println("————密码认证————doGetAuthenticationInfo————");

  UsernamePasswordToken userToken = (UsernamePasswordToken) token;
  // 连接数据库 查询用户数据
  QueryWrapper<User> wrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
  wrapper.eq("user_name", userToken.getUsername());
  User user = userMapper.selectOne(wrapper);
  // 验证用户
  if (user == null) {
   throw new UnknownAccountException();
  }
  return new SimpleAuthenticationInfo("", user.getUserPassword(), "");
 }

 /**
  * 用来判断是否使用当前的 realm
  *
  * @param var1 传入的token
  * @return true就使用,false就不使用
  */
 @Override
 public boolean supports(AuthenticationToken var1) {
  return var1 instanceof UsernamePasswordToken;
 }

}

创建邮件验证码登录时验证授权UserEmailRealm

@Component
public class UserEmailRealm extends AuthorizingRealm {

 // 注入用户业务
 @Autowired
 UserService userService;

 @Override
 protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principalCollection) {
  System.out.println("————邮箱登录授权————doGetAuthorizationInfo————");
  return null;
 }

 @Override
 protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {
  System.out.println("————邮箱登录认证————doGetAuthenticationInfo————");
  UserEmailToken userEmailToken = (UserEmailToken) token;
  String userEmail = (String) userEmailToken.getPrincipal();
  // 连接数据库 查询用户数据
  QueryWrapper<User> wrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
  wrapper.eq("user_email", userEmail);
  User user = userService.getOne(wrapper);
  //因为没有密码,并且验证码在之前就验证了
  if (user == null) {
   throw new UnknownAccountException();
  }
  return new SimpleAuthenticationInfo("", userEmail, "");
 }

 /**
  * 用来判断是否使用当前的 realm
  *
  * @param var1 传入的token
  * @return true就使用,false就不使用
  */
 @Override
 public boolean supports(AuthenticationToken var1) {
  return var1 instanceof UserEmailToken;
 }
}

创建邮件验证码登录验证通过生成令牌的 UserEmailToken 类(密码登录时使用shiro默认的 UsernamePasswordToken 令牌)

@Data // 使用lombok 生成get方法、set方法
public class UserEmailToken implements HostAuthenticationToken, RememberMeAuthenticationToken {

 private String userEmail;
 private boolean rememberMe;
 private String host;

 public UserEmailToken() {
  this.rememberMe = false;
 }

 public UserEmailToken(String userEmail) {
  this(userEmail, false, null);
 }

 public UserEmailToken(String userEmail, boolean rememberMe) {
  this(userEmail, rememberMe, null);
 }

 public UserEmailToken(String userEmail, boolean rememberMe, String host) {
  this.userEmail = userEmail;
  this.rememberMe = rememberMe;
  this.host = host;
 }

 @Override
 public String getHost() {
  return host;
 }

 @Override
 public boolean isRememberMe() {
  return rememberMe;
 }

 /**
  * 重写getPrincipal方法
  */
 @Override
 public Object getPrincipal() {
  return userEmail;
 }

 /**
  * 重写getCredentials方法
  */
 @Override
 public Object getCredentials() {
  return userEmail;
 }
}

创建密码盐值加密 MDPasswordUtil 工具类

public class MDPasswordUtil {

 public String getMDPasswordUtil(String userName, String userPassword) {
  String hashAlgorithmName = "MD5"; // 加密方式:md5加密
  Object credentials = userPassword; // 密码
  Object salt = ByteSource.Util.bytes(userName); // 盐
  int hashIterations = 512; // 加密次数
  Object result = new SimpleHash(hashAlgorithmName, credentials, salt, hashIterations);
  return result.toString();
 }
}

控制层用户密码登录

// 用户密码登录
 @PostMapping("/passwordLogin")
 public String userLogin(@RequestParam("userName") String userName,
       @RequestParam("userPassword") String userPassword,
       HttpSession session, Model model) {
  // 获取当前的用户
  Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
  // 对密码进行MD5盐值加密
  String md5Password = new MDPasswordUtil().getMDPasswordUtil(userName, userPassword);
  // 封装用户的登录数据
  UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken(userName, md5Password);
  //rememberme记住我
  token.setRememberMe(true);
  try {
   // 登录,验证,保存令牌
   subject.login(token);

   //查询登录信息
   QueryWrapper<User> wrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
   wrapper.eq("user_name", userName);
   User user = userService.getOne(wrapper);
   //保存登录用户信息
   session.setAttribute(user.getUserId().toString(), user);

   return "admin";
  } catch (UnknownAccountException e) {
   model.addAttribute("userError", "用户名错误!请重新输入。");
   return "login";
  } catch (IncorrectCredentialsException ice) {
   model.addAttribute("pwError", "密码错误!请重新输入。");
   return "login";
  }
 }

控制层用户邮件验证码密码登录

// 用户邮箱登录
 @PostMapping("/emailLogin")
 public String emailLogin(@RequestParam("userEmail") String userEmail,
        @RequestParam("emailCode") String emailCode,
        HttpSession session, Model model) {
  // 根据userEmail从session中取出发送的验证码
  String sendEmailCode = (String) session.getAttribute(userEmail);
  // 比对验证码
  if (StringUtils.isNoneBlank(sendEmailCode) && sendEmailCode.equals(emailCode)) {
   try {
    UserEmailToken token = new UserEmailToken(userEmail);www.cppcns.com
    //rememberme记住我
    token.setRememberMe(true);
    // 登录,验证,保存令牌
    Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
    subject.login(token);

    //查询登录信息
    QueryWrapper<User> wrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
    wrapper.eq("user_email", userEmail);
    User user = userService.getOne(wrapper);
    //保存登录用户信息
    session.setAttribute(user.getUserId().toString(), user);

    // 销毁验证码
    session.removeAttribute(emailCode);

    return "admin";
   } catch (Exception e) {
    model.addAttribute("error", "验证码错误!请重新输入。");
    return "login";
   }
  } else {
   return "login";
  }
 }

SpringBoot 整合 Shiro 密码登录与邮件验证码登录(多 Realm 认证)就可以了 (有点多,哈哈哈)

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