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在C# WPF下自定义滚动条ScrollViewer样式的操作

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2021-01-15 12:10 出处:网络 作者: 凡梦_
一、实现对ScrollViewer样式的自定义主要包括: 1、滚动条宽度设置 2、滚动条颜色

一、实现对ScrollViewer样式的自定义主要包括:

1、滚动条宽度设置

2、滚动条颜色

3、滚动条圆角

4、滚动条拉动时的效果mouseover

二、实现效果:

在C# WPF下自定义滚动条ScrollViewer样式的操作

三、实现方法

1、创建资源字典( ResourceDictionary)文件

由于style代码比较多,之间在控件文件中加载style比较混乱,也不利于其它窗口复用,这里单独创建了ScrollViewDictionary.xaml文件代码如下:

<ResourceDictionary xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
          xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml">
  <ControlTemplate x:Key="MyScrollViewer" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollViewer}">
    <!--View区域背景色-->
    <Grid x:Name="Grid" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
      <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
        <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"/>
      </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
        <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
      </Grid.RowDefinitions>
      <Rectangle x:Name="Corner" Grid.Column="1" Fill="White" Grid.Row="1"/>
      <ScrollContentPresenter x:Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter" CanContentScroll="{TemplateBinding CanContentScroll}" CanHorizontallyScroll="False" CanVerticallyScroll="False" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" Grid.Column="0" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Grid.Row="0"/>
      <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar" AutomationProperties.AutomationId="VerticalScrollBar" Cursor="Arrow" Grid.Column="1" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}" Minimum="0" Grid.Row="0" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding VerticalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}" Style="{DynamicResource MyScrollBarStyle}"/>
      <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar" AutomationProperties.AutomationId="HorizontalScrollBar" Cursor="Arrow" Grid.Column="0" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}" Minimum="0" Orientation="Horizontal" Grid.Row="1" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding HorizontalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}" Style="{DynamicResource MyScrollBarStyle}"/>
    </Grid>
  </ControlTemplate>
 
  
  <SolidColorBrush x:Key="ScrollBarDisabledBackground" Color="#F4F4F4"/>
 
  <Style x:Key="VerticalScrollBarPageButton" TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
    <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
    <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"/>
    <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
    <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
    <Setter Property="Template">
      <Setter.Value>
        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
          <Rectangle Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}"/>
        </ControlTemplate>
      </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
  </Style>
  <!--滚动条颜色、圆角等设置-->
  <Style x:Key="ScrollBarThumb" TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
    <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
    <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
    <Setter Property="Template">
      <Setter.Value>
        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
          <!--滚动条颜色和圆角设置-->
          <Rectangle Name="thumbRect" Fill="#03ffea" RadiusX="3" RadiusY="3"/>
          <!--鼠标拉动滚动条时的颜色-->
          <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
            <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True">
              <Setter Property="Fill" Value="CornflowerBlue" TargetName="thumbRect" />
            </Trigger>
          </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
        </ControlTemplate>
      </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
  </Style>
  <Style x:Key="HorizontalScrollBarPageButton" TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
    <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
    <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"/>
    <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
    <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
    <Setter Property="Template">
      <Setter.Value>
        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
          <Rectangle Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}"/>
        </ControlTemplate>
      </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
  </Style>
  <Style x:Key="MyScrollBarStyle" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
    <Setter Property="Background" Value="AliceBlue"/>
    <Setter Property="Stylus.IsPressAndHoldEnabled" Value="false"/>
    <Setter Property="Stylus.IsFlicksEnabled" Value="false"/>
<!--滚动条宽度-->
    <Setter Property="Width" Value="8"/>
    <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="6"/>
    <Setter Property="Template">
      <Setter.Value>
        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
          <!--滚动条背景色--> 
          <Grid x:Name="Bg" Background="#001f55" SnapsToDevicePixels="true" Width="8">
            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
              <RowDefinition />
            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <Track x:Name="PART_Track" IsDirectionReversed="true" IsEnabled="{TemplateBinding IsMouseOver}">
              <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageUpCommand}" Style="{StaticResource VerticalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
              </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
              <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageDownCommand}" Style="{StaticResource VerticalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
              </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
              <Track.Thumb>
                <Thumb Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}"/>
              </Track.Thumb>
            </Track>
          </Grid>
          <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
            <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
              <Setter Property="Background" TargetName="Bg" Value="{StaticResource ScrollBarDisabledBackground}"/>
            </Trigger>
          </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
        </ControlTemplate>
      </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
    <Style.Triggers>
      <Trigger Property="Orientation" Value="Horizontal">
        <Setter Property="Width" Value="Auto"/>
        <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="0"/>
        <Setter Property="Height" Value="6"/>
        <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="6"/>
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="AliceBlue"/>
        <Setter Property="Template">
          <Setter.Value>
            <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
              <Grid x:Name="Bg" Background="Red" SnapsToDevicePixels="true">
                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                  <ColumnDefinition />
                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <Track x:Name="PART_Track" IsEnabled="{TemplateBinding IsMouseOver}">
                  <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                    <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageLeftCommand}" Style="{StaticResource HorizontalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
                  </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                  <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                    <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageRightCommand}" Style="{StaticResource HorizontalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
                  </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                  <Track.Thumb>
                    <Thumb Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}" />
                  </Track.Thumb>
                </Track>
              </Grid>
              <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
                  <Setter Property="Background" TargetName="Bg" Value="{StaticResource ScrollBarDisabledBackground}"/>
                </Trigger>
              </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
            </ControlTemplate>
          </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
      </Trigger>
    </Style.Triggers>
  </Style>
</ResourceDictionary>
 

2、在窗口中引用资源字典

<Window.Resources>
    <ResourceDictionary>
      <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        <ResourceDictionary Source="ScrollViewDictionary.xaml" />
      </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
    </ResourceDictionary>    
  </Window.Resources>

3、scrollViewer中使用新样式

 <ScrollViewer Template="{StaticResource MyScrollViewer}" Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" x:Name="scrList" Margin="0" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" Height="350" Width="250">
      <StackPanel Orientation="Vertical" Name="layerList" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" Width="250" >
      </StackPanel>
    </ScrollViewer>

自定义完成,以上是所有步骤和代码,可以根据自己程序的整体设计来更改颜色、宽度、圆角等效果。

以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持我们。如有错误或未考虑完全的地方,望不吝赐教。

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