运维开发网

Spring boot2X Consul如何使用Feign实现服务调用

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-08-09 15:12 出处:网络 作者: 慕尘
这篇文章主要介绍了spring boot2X Consul如何使用Feign实现服务调用,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

这篇文章主要介绍了spring boot2X Consul如何使用Feign实现服务调用,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

服务调用有两种方式:

  A.使用RestTemplate 进行服务调用

  B.使用Feign 进行声明式服务调用

上一次写了使用RestTemplate的方式,这次使用Feign的方式实现

服务注册发现中心使用Consul

启动Consul

consul agent -dev

spring boot 版本 2.2.1.RELEASE

1.服务端

provider

(1)添加依赖

<properties>
  <java.version>1.8</java.version>
  <spring-cloud.version>Greenwich.SR3</spring-cloud.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-consul-discovery</artifactId>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
      <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

(2)修改配置

server.port=8010

spring.application.name=provider
spring.cloud.consul.host=localhost
spring.cloud.consul.port=8500
spring.cloud.consul.discovery.health-check-path=/actuator/health
spring.cloud.consul.discovery.service-name=service-provider
spring.cloud.consul.discovery.heartbeat.enabled=true

management.endpoints.web.exposure.include=*
management.endpoint.health.show-details=always

(3)测试方法

package com.xyz.provider.controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
@RestController
public class demoController {
  @RequestMapping("/hello")
  public String Hello(){
    return "hello,provider";
  }

}

provider1

修改端口为8011

修改测试方法

package com.xyz.provider1.controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class demoController {
  @RequestMapping("/hello")
  public String Hello(){
    return "hello,another provider";
  }
}

启动provider和provider1

2.客户端

customer

(1)添加依赖

<properties>
   <java.version>1.8</java.version>
   <spring-cloud.version>Greenwich.SR4</spring-cloud.version>
</properties>
<dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-consul-discovery</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

<dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
        <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
        <type>pom</type>
        <scope>import</scope>
      </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

(2)配置

server.port=8015
spring.application.name=xyz-comsumer
spring.cloud.consul.host=localhost
spring.cloud.consul.port=8500
spring.cloud.consul.discovery.register=false
spring.cloud.consul.discovery.health-check-url=/actuator/health
spring.cloud.consul.discovery.heartbeat.enabled=true
management.endpoints.web.exposure.include=*
management.endpoint.health.show-details=always

(3)修改启动类

添加注解 @EnableFeignClients,开启扫描Spring Cloud Feign客户端的功能

package com.xyz.comsumer;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@EnableFeignClients
@SpringBootApplication
public class ComsumerApplication {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    SpringApplication.run(ComsumerApplication.class, args);
  }
}

(4)添加Feign接口

添加注解@FeignClient(name = "provider")

provider是要调用的服务名

说明:

  添加跟调用目标方法一样的方法声明,必须跟目标方法的定义一致

package com.xyz.consumer.controller;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
@FeignClient(name = "provider")
public interface ProviderService {
  @RequestMapping("/hello")
  public String hello();
}

(4)服务调用

注入刚才声明的ProviderService,就可以像本地方法一样进行调用了

package com.xyz.consumer.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
@RestController
public class FeignController {
  @Autowired
  private ProviderService providerService;
  @RequestMapping("/call")
  public String call() {
    return providerService.hello();
  }
}

启动customer

访问http://localhost:8015/call

交替返回结果

hello,provider 或 hello,another provider

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持我们。

0

精彩评论

暂无评论...
验证码 换一张
取 消