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C++单链表实现大数加法

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-05-28 10:10 出处:网络 作者: Alex山南水北
本文实例为大家分享了C++单链表实现大数加法,供大家参考,具体内容如下 Input Format

本文实例为大家分享了C++单链表实现大数加法,供大家参考,具体内容如下

Input Format

输入文件包括两行。

  • 第一行包括一个正整数,保证位数不超过1000000。
  • 第二行包括一个正整数,保证位数不超过1000000。

Output Format

输出文件包括一行。

  • 第一行包括一个正整数。

Sample Input

10558

22

Sample Output

10580

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

class BigData {
  friend ostream &operator<<(ostream &os, const BigData &x);

  friend istream &operator>>(istream &is, BigData &x);

  friend BigData operator+(BigData a, BigData b);

private:
  struct node {
    int data;
    node *next;

    node(const short &x, node *n = NULL) {
      data = x;
      next = n;
    }
  };

  node *num;

  void clear();

public:
  BigData(node *p = NULL) {
    if (p == NULL) {
      num = new node(0);
    } else {
      num = p;
    };
  }

  BigData(const BigData &);

  ~BigData() {
    clear();
  }

  BigData &operator=(const BigData &);
};

BigData::BigData(const BigData &x) {
  num = new node(x.num->data);
  node *p = num, *q = x.num;
  while (q->next != NULL) {
    q = q->next;
    p->next = new node(q->data);
    p = p->next;
  }
}

void BigData::clear() {
  node *p = num, *q;
  while (p != NULL) {
    q = p;
    p = p->next;
    delete q;
  }
  num = NULL;
}

BigData operator+(BigData a, BigData b) {
  BigData tmp;
  BigData::node *p, *q, *end;
  int carry;
  tmp.num = end = new BigData::node(a.num->data + b.num->data);
  carry = tmp.num->data / 10;
  tmp.num->data %= 10;
  p = a.num->next;
  q = b.num->next;
  end = tmp.num;
  while (p != NULL && q != NULL) {
    end->next = new BigData::node(p->data + q->data + carry);
    end = end->next;
    carry = end->data / 10;
    end->data %= 10;
    p = p->next;
    q = q->next;
  }
  if (p == NULL)p = q;
  while (p != NULL) {
    end->next = new BigData::node(p->data + carry);
    end = end->next;
    carry = end->data / 10;
    end->data %= 10;
    p = p->next;
  }
  if (carry != 0) {
    end->next = new BigData::node(carry);
    return tmp;
  }
}

BigData &BigData::operator=(const BigData &x) {
  if (&x == this)return *this;
  clear();
  num = new node(x.num->data);
  node *p = num, *q = x.num;
  while (q->next != NULL) {
    q = q->next;
    p->next = new node(q->data);
    p = p->next;
  }
  return *this;
}

istream &operator>>(istream &is, BigData &x) {
  char ch;
  x.clear();
  while ((ch = is.get()) != '\n') {
    x.num = new BigData::node(ch - '0', x.num);
  }
  return is;
}

ostream &operator<<(ostream &os, const BigData &x) {
  string s;
  BigData::node *p = x.num;
  while (p != NULL) {
    s = char(p->data + '0') + s;
    p = p->next;
  }
  for (int i = 0; i < s.size(); ++i)os << s[i];
  return os;
}

int main() {
  BigData a, b, c;
  cin >> a >> b;
  c = a + b;
  cout << c;
}

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持我们。

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