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iBatis习惯用的16条SQL语句

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-04-20 18:40 出处:网络 作者: huiy_宁静而致远
iBatis 简介: iBatis 是apache 的一个开源项目,一个O/R Mapping 解决方案,iBatis 最大的特点就是小巧,上手很快。如果不需要太多复杂的功能,iBatis 是能够满足你的要求又足够灵活的最简单的解决方案,现在的iBat

iBatis 简介:

iBatis 是apache 的一个开源项目,一个O/R Mapping 解决方案,iBatis 最大的特点就是小巧,上手很快。如果不需要太多复杂的功能,iBatis 是能够满足你的要求又足够灵活的最简单的解决方案,现在的iBatis 已经改名为Mybatis 了。

官网为:http://www.mybatis.org/

1.输入参数为单个值

<delete id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.deleteMemberAccessLogsBefore" 
parameterClass="long"> 
delete from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp = #value# 
</delete> 
<delete id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.deleteMemberAccessLogsBefore" 
parameterClass="long"> 
delete from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp = #value# 
</delete>

2.输入参数为一个对象

<insert id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.MemberAccessLog.insert" 
parameterClass="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.model.MemberAccessLog> 
insert into MemberAccessLog 
( 
accessLogId, memberId, clientIP, 
httpMethod, actionId, requestURL, 
accessTimestamp, extend1, extend2, 
extend3 
) 
values 
( 
#accessLogId#, #memberId#, 
#clientIP#, #httpMethod#, 
#actionId#, #requestURL#, 
#accessTimestamp#, #extend1#, 
#extend2#, #extend3# 
) 
</insert> 
<insert id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.MemberAccessLog.insert" 
parameterClass="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.model.MemberAccessLog> 
insert into MemberAccessLog 
( 
accessLogId, memberId, clientIP, 
httpMethod, actionId, requestURL, 
accessTimestamp, extend1, extend2, 
extend3 
) 
values 
( 
#accessLogId#, #memberId#, 
#clientIP#, #httpMethod#, 
#actionId#, #requestURL#, 
#accessTimestamp#, #extend1#, 
#extend2#, #extend3# 
) 
</insert>

3.输入参数为一个java.util.HashMap

<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectActionIdAndActionNumber" 
parameterClass="hashMap" 
resultMap="getActionIdAndActionNumber"> 
select 
actionId, count(*) as count 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
memberId = #memberId# 
and accessTimestamp > #start# 
and accessTimestamp <= #end# 
group by actionId 
</select>
<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectActionIdAndActionNumber" 
parameterClass="hashMap" 
resultMap="getActionIdAndActionNumber"> 
select 
actionId, count(*) as count 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
memberId = #memberId# 
and accessTimestamp > #start# 
and accessTimestamp <= #end# 
group by actionId 
</select>

4.输入参数中含有数组

<insert id="updateStatusBatch" parameterClass="hashMap"> 
update 
Question 
set 
status = #status# 
<dynamic prepend="where questionId in"> 
<isNotNull property="actionIds"> 
<iterate property="actionIds" open="(" close=")" conjunction=","> 
#actionIds[]# 
</iterate> 
</isNotNull> 
</dynamic> 
</insert> 
<insert id="updateStatusBatch" parameterClass="hashMap"> 
update 
Question 
set 
status = #status# 
<dynamic prepend="where questionId in"> 
<isNotNull property="actionIds"> 
<iterate property="actionIds" open="(" close=")" conjunction=","> 
#actionIds[]# 
</iterate> 
</isNotNull> 
</dynamic> 
</insert>

说明:actionIds为传入的数组的名字; 使用dynamic标签避免数组为空时导致sql语句语法出错; 使用isNotNull标签避免数组为null时ibatis解析出错

5.传递参数只含有一个数组

<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.model.StatMemberAction.selectActionIdsOfModule" 
resultClass="hashMap"> 
select 
moduleId, actionId 
from 
StatMemberAction 
<dynamic prepend="where moduleId in"> 
<iterate open="(" close=")" conjunction=","> 
#[]# 
</iterate> 
</dynamic> 
order by 
moduleId 
</select>
<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.model.StatMemberAction.selectActionIdsOfModule" 
resultClass="hashMap"> 
select 
moduleId, actionId 
from 
StatMemberAction 
<dynamic prepend="where moduleId in"> 
<iterate open="(" close=")" conjunction=","> 
#[]# 
</iterate> 
</dynamic> 
order by 
moduleId 
</select>

说明:注意select的标签中没有parameterClass一项

另:这里也可以把数组放进一个hashMap中,但增加额外开销,不建议使用

6.让ibatis把参数直接解析成字符串

<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectSumDistinctCountOfAccessMemberNum" 
parameterClass="hashMap" resultClass="int"> 
select 
count(distinct memberId) 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp >= #start# 
and accessTimestamp < #end# 
and actionId in $actionIdString$ 
</select> 
<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectSumDistinctCountOfAccessMemberNum" 
parameterClass="hashMap" resultClass="int"> 
select 
count(distinct memberId) 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp >= #start# 
and accessTimestamp < #end# 
and actionId in $actionIdString$ 
</select>

说明:使用这种方法存在sql注入的风险,不推荐使用

7.分页查询 (pagedQuery)

<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy" 
parameterClass="hashMap" resultMap="MemberAccessLogMap"> 
<include refid="selectAllSql"/> 
<include refid="whereSql"/> 
<include refid="pageSql"/> 
</select> 
<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy.Count" 
parameterClass="hashMap" resultClass="int"> 
<include refid="countSql"/> 
<include refid="whereSql"/> 
</select> 
<sql id="selectAllSql"> 
select 
accessLogId, memberId, clientIP, 
httpMethod, actionId, requestURL, 
accessTimestamp, extend1, extend2, 
extend3 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
</sql> 
<sql id="whereSql"> 
accessTimestamp <= #accessTimestamp# 
</sql> 
<sql id="countSql"> 
select 
count(*) 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
</sql> 
<sql id="pageSql"> 
<dynamic> 
<isNotNull property="startIndex"> 
<isNotNull property="pageSize"> 
limit #startIndex# , #pageSize# 
</isNotNull> 
</isNotNull> 
</dynamic> 
</sql>
<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy" 
parameterClass="hashMap" resultMap="MemberAccessLogMap"> 
<include refid="selectAllSql"/> 
<include refid="whereSql"/> 
<include refid="pageSql"/> 
</select> 
<select id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy.Count" 
parameterClass="hashMap" resultClass="int"> 
<include refid="countSql"/> 
<include refid="whereSql"/> 
</select> 
<sql id="selectAllSql"> 
select 
accessLogId, memberId, clientIP, 
httpMethod, actionId, requestURL, 
accessTimestamp, extend1, extend2, 
extend3 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
</sql> 
<sql id="whereSql"> 
accessTimestamp <= #accessTimestamp# 
</sql> 
<sql id="countSql"> 
select 
count(*) 
from 
MemberAccessLog 
</sql> 
<sql id="pageSql"> 
<dynamic> 
<isNotNull property="startIndex"> 
<isNotNull property="pageSize"> 
limit #startIndex# , #pageSize# 
</isNotNull> 
</isNotNull> 
</dynamic> 
</sql>

说明:本例中,代码应为:

HashMap hashMap = new HashMap(); 
hashMap.put(“accessTimestamp”, someValue); 
pagedQuery(“com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy”, hashMap);

pagedQuery方法首先去查找名为com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy.Count 的mapped statement来进行sql查询,从而得到com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy查询的记录个数, 再进行所需的paged sql查询(com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.selectMemberAccessLogBy),具体过程参见utils类中的相关代码

8.sql语句中含有大于号>、小于号< 1. 将大于号、小于号写为: > < 如:

<delete id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.deleteMemberAccessLogsBefore" parameterClass="long"> 
delete from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp <= #value# 
</delete> 
Xml代码 
<delete id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.deleteMemberAccessLogsBefore" parameterClass="long"> 
delete from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp <= #value# 
</delete>

将特殊字符放在xml的CDATA区内:

<delete id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.deleteMemberAccessLogsBefore" parameterClass="long"> 
<![CDATA[ 
delete from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp <= #value# 
]]> 
</delete> 
<delete id="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.deleteMemberAccessLogsBefore" parameterClass="long"> 
<![CDATA[ 
delete from 
MemberAccessLog 
where 
accessTimestamp <= #value# 
]]> 
</delete>

推荐使用第一种方式,写为< 和 > (XML不对CDATA里的内容进行解析,因此如果CDATA中含有dynamic标签,将不起作用)

9.include和sql标签 将常用的sql语句整理在一起,便于共用:

<sql id="selectBasicSql"> 
select 
samplingTimestamp,onlineNum,year, 
month,week,day,hour 
from 
OnlineMemberNum 
</sql> 
<sql id="whereSqlBefore"> 
where samplingTimestamp <= #samplingTimestamp# 
</sql> 
<select id="com.fashionfree.accesslog.selectOnlineMemberNumsBeforeSamplingTimestamp" parameterClass="hashmap" resultClass="OnlineMemberNum"> 
<include refid="selectBasicSql" /> 
<include refid="whereSqlBefore" /> 
</select> 
<sql id="selectBasicSql"> 
select 
samplingTimestamp,onlineNum,year, 
month,week,day,hour 
from 
OnlineMemberNum 
</sql> 
<sql id="whereSqlBefore"> 
where samplingTimestamp <= #samplingTimestamp# 
</sql> 
<select id="com.fashionfree.accesslog.selectOnlineMemberNumsBeforeSamplingTimestamp" parameterClass="hashmap" resultClass="OnlineMemberNum"> 
<include refid="selectBasicSql" /> 
<include refid="whereSqlBefore" /> 
</select>

注意:sql标签只能用于被引用,不能当作mapped statement。如上例中有名为selectBasicSql的sql元素,试图使用其作为sql语句执行是错误的:

sqlMapClient.queryForList(“selectBasicSql”); ×

10.随机选取记录

<sql id=”randomSql”> 
ORDER BY rand() LIMIT #number# 
</sql>

从数据库中随机选取number条记录(只适用于MySQL)

11.将SQL GROUP BY分组中的字段拼接

<sql id=”selectGroupBy> 
SELECT 
a.answererCategoryId, a.answererId, a.answererName, 
a.questionCategoryId, a.score, a.answeredNum, 
a.correctNum, a.answerSeconds, a.createdTimestamp, 
a.lastQuestionApprovedTimestamp, a.lastModified, GROUP_CONCAT(q.categoryName) as categoryName 
FROM 
AnswererCategory a, QuestionCategory q 
WHERE a.questionCategoryId = q.questionCategoryId 
GROUP BY a.answererId 
ORDER BY a.answererCategoryId 
</sql>
<sql id=”selectGroupBy> 
SELECT 
a.answererCategoryId, a.answererId, a.answererName, 
a.questionCategoryId, a.score, a.answeredNum, 
a.correctNum, a.answerSeconds, a.createdTimestamp, 
a.lastQuestionApprovedTimestamp, a.lastModified, GROUP_CONCAT(q.categoryName) as categoryName 
FROM 
AnswererCategory a, QuestionCategory q 
WHERE a.questionCategoryId = q.questionCategoryId 
GROUP BY a.answererId 
ORDER BY a.answererCategoryId 
</sql>

注:SQL中使用了MySQL的GROUP_CONCAT函数

12.按照IN里面的顺序进行排序

①MySQL:

<sql id=”groupByInArea”> 
select 
moduleId, moduleName, 
status, lastModifierId, lastModifiedName, 
lastModified 
from 
StatModule 
where 
moduleId in (3, 5, 1) 
order by 
instr(',3,5,1,' , ','+ltrim(moduleId)+',') 
</sql> 
<sql id=”groupByInArea”> 
select 
moduleId, moduleName, 
status, lastModifierId, lastModifiedName, 
lastModified 
from 
StatModule 
where 
moduleId in (3, 5, 1) 
order by 
instr(',3,5,1,' , ','+ltrim(moduleId)+',') 
</sql>

②SQLSERVER:

<sql id=”groupByInArea”> 
select 
moduleId, moduleName, 
status, lastModifierId, lastModifiedName, 
lastModified 
from 
StatModule 
where 
moduleId in (3, 5, 1) 
order by 
charindex(','+ltrim(moduleId)+',' , ',3,5,1,') 
</sql> 
<sql id=”groupByInArea”> 
select 
moduleId, moduleName, 
status, lastModifierId, lastModifiedName, 
lastModified 
from 
StatModule 
where 
moduleId in (3, 5, 1) 
order by 
charindex(','+ltrim(moduleId)+',' , ',3,5,1,') 
</sql>

说明:查询结果将按照moduleId在in列表中的顺序(3, 5, 1)来返回

MySQL : instr(str, substr)

SQLSERVER: charindex(substr, str) 返回字符串str 中子字符串的第一个出现位置 ltrim(str) 返回字符串str, 其引导(左面的)空格字符被删除

13.resultMap resultMap负责将SQL查询结果集的列值映射成Java Bean的属性值

<resultMap class="java.util.HashMap" id="getActionIdAndActionNumber"> 
<result column="actionId" property="actionId" jdbcType="BIGINT" javaType="long"/> 
<result column="count" property="count" jdbcType="INT" javaType="int"/> 
</resultMap> 
Xml代码 
<resultMap class="java.util.HashMap" id="getActionIdAndActionNumber"> 
<result column="actionId" property="actionId" jdbcType="BIGINT" javaType="long"/> 
<result column="count" property="count" jdbcType="INT" javaType="int"/> 
</resultMap>

使用resultMap称为显式结果映射,与之对应的是resultClass(内联结果映射),使用resultClass的最大好处便是简单、方便,不需显示指定结果,由iBATIS根据反射来确定自行决定。而resultMap则可以通过指定jdbcType和javaType,提供更严格的配置认证。

14.typeAlias

<typeAlias alias="MemberOnlineDuration" type="com.fashionfree.stat.accesslog.model.MemberOnlineDuration" /> 
<typeAlias>

允许你定义别名,避免重复输入过长的名字

15.remap

<select id="testForRemap" parameterClass="hashMap" resultClass="hashMap" remapResults="true"> 
select 
userId 
<isEqual property="tag" compareValue="1"> 
, userName 
</isEqual> 
<isEqual property="tag" compareValue="2"> 
, userPassword 
</isEqual> 
from 
UserInfo 
</select> 
<select id="testForRemap" parameterClass="hashMap" resultClass="hashMap" remapResults="true"> 
select 
userId 
<isEqual property="tag" compareValue="1"> 
, userName 
</isEqual> 
<isEqual property="tag" compareValue="2"> 
, userPassword 
</isEqual> 
from 
UserInfo 
</select>

此例中,根据参数tag值的不同,会获得不同的结果集,如果没有remapResults="true"属性,iBatis会将第一次查询时的结果集缓存,下次再执行时(必须还是该进程中)不会再执行结果集映射,而是会使用缓存的结果集。

因此,如果上面的例子中remapResult为默认的false属性,而有一段程序这样书写:

HashMap<String, Integer> hashMap = new HashMap<String, Integer>(); 
hashMap.put("tag", 1); 
sqlClient.queryForList("testForRemap", hashMap); 
hashMap.put("tag", 2); 
sqlClient.queryForList("testForRemap", hashMap);

Java代码

HashMap<String, Integer> hashMap = new HashMap<String, Integer>(); 
hashMap.put("tag", 1); 
sqlClient.queryForList("testForRemap", hashMap); 
hashMap.put("tag", 2); 
sqlClient.queryForList("testForRemap", hashMap);

则程序会在执行最后一句的query查询时报错,原因就是iBATIS使用了第一次查询时的结果集,而前后两次的结果集是不同的:(userId, userName)和(userId, userPassword),所以导致出错。如果使用了remapResults="true"这一属性,iBATIS会在每次执行查询时都执行结果集映射,从而避免错误的发生(此时会有较大的开销)。

16.dynamic标签的prepend dynamic标签的prepend属性作为前缀添加到结果内容前面,当标签的结果内容为空时,prepend属性将不起作用。

当dynamic标签中存在prepend属性时,将会把其嵌套子标签的第一个prepend属性忽略。例如:

<sql id="whereSql"> 
<dynamic prepend="where "> 
<isNotNull property="userId" prepend="BOGUS"> 
userId = #userId# 
</isNotNull> 
<isNotEmpty property="userName" prepend="and "> 
userName = #userName# 
</isNotEmpty> 
</dynamic> 
</sql> 
<sql id="whereSql"> 
<dynamic prepend="where "> 
<isNotNull property="userId" prepend="BOGUS"> 
userId = #userId# 
</isNotNull> 
<isNotEmpty property="userName" prepend="and "> 
userName = #userName# 
</isNotEmpty> 
</dynamic> 
</sql>

此例中,dynamic标签中含有两个子标签<isNotNull>和<isNotEmpty>。根据前面叙述的原则,如果<isNotNull>标签中没有prepend="BOGUS" 这一假的属性来让dynamic去掉的话,<isNotEmpty>标签中的and就会被忽略,会造成sql语法错误。

注意:当dynamic标签没有prepend属性时,不会自动忽略其子标签的第一个prepend属性。

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的iBatis习惯用的16条SQL语句,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对我们网站的支持!

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