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Java+MyBatis+MySQL开发环境搭建流程详解

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-04-08 11:25 出处:网络 作者: czj4451
主要搭建过程 1. pom.xml文件中加入mybatis和数据库依赖,这里使用mysql: <properties>

主要搭建过程

1. pom.xml文件中加入mybatis和数据库依赖,这里使用mysql:

<properties> 
 <mybatis.version>3.2.3</mybatis.version> 
 <mysql.version>5.1.26</mysql.version> 
 <slf4j.api.version>1.7.5</slf4j.api.version> 
 <testng.version>6.8.7</testng.version> 
</properties> 
 
<dependencies> 
 <dependency> 
  <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> 
  <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId> 
  <version>${mybatis.version}</version> 
 </dependency> 
 <!-- Database driver --> 
 <dependency> 
  <groupId>mysql</groupId> 
  <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId> 
  <version>${mysql.version}</version> 
 </dependency> 
 <!-- mybatis启动要加载log4j --> 
 <dependency> 
  <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId> 
  <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId> 
  <version>${slf4j.api.version}</version> 
 </dependency> 
 <!-- Test --> 
 <dependency> 
  <groupId>org.testng</groupId> 
  <artifactId>testng</artifactId> 
  <version>${testng.version}</version> 
 </dependency> 
</dependencies> 

2. 在类路径下创建mybatis的配置文件Configuration.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd"> 
 
<configuration> 
  <typeAliases><!-- 别名 --> 
    <typeAlias alias="User" type="com.john.hbatis.model.User" /> 
  </typeAliases> 
   
  <environments default="development"> 
   <environment id="development"> 
    <transactionManager type="JDBC"/> 
    <dataSource type="POOLED"><!-- 数据源 --> 
      <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" /> 
      <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/hbatis" /> 
      <property name="username" value="root" /> 
      <property name="password" value="123456" /> 
    </dataSource> 
   </environment> 
  </environments> 
   
  <mappers><!-- ORM映射文件 --> 
    <mapper resource="com/john/hbatis/model/User.xml" /> 
  </mappers> 
 </configuration> 

3. 执行创建数据库和表的sql:

-- Create the database named 'hbatis'. 
-- It's OK to use `, not OK to use ' or " surrounding the database name to prevent it from being interpreted as a keyword if possible. 
CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `hbatis` 
DEFAULT CHARACTER SET = `UTF8`; 
 
-- Create a table named 'User' 
CREATE TABLE `user` ( 
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, 
  `name` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL, 
  `age` int(11) DEFAULT NULL, 
  `address` varchar(200) DEFAULT NULL, 
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) 
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8; 
 
-- Insert a test record 
Insert INTO `user` VALUES ('1', 'john', '120', 'hangzhou,westlake'); 

4. com.john.hbatis.model.User类:

public class User { 
  private int id; 
  private String name; 
  private String age; 
  private String address; 
  // Getters and setters are omitted 
 
  // 如果有带参数的构造器,编译器不会自动生成无参构造器。当查询需要返回对象时,ORM框架用反射来调用对象的无参构造函数,导致异常:java.lang.NoSuchMethodException: com.john.hbatis.model.User.<init>() 
  // 这时需要明确写出: 
  public User() { 
  } 
 
  public User(int id, String address) { 
    this.id = id; 
    this.address = address; 
  } 
 
  public User(String name, int age, String address) { 
    this.name = name; 
    this.age = age; 
    this.address = address; 
  } 
} 

com/john/hbatis/model路径下的User.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd"> 
<mapper namespace="com.john.hbatis.model.UserMapper"> 
  <select id="getUserById" parameterType="int" resultType="User"> 
    select * from `user` where id = #{id} 
  </select> 
</mapper> 

5. 测试类:

public class MyBatisBasicTest { 
  private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MyBatisBasicTest.class); 
  private static SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory; 
   
  private static Reader reader; 
   
  @BeforeClass 
  public static void initial() { 
    try { 
      reader = Resources.getResourceAsReader("Configuration.xml"); 
      sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader); 
    } catch (IOException e) { 
      log.error("Error thrown while reading the configuration: {}", e); 
    } finally { 
      if (reader != null) { 
        try { 
          reader.close(); 
        } catch (IOException e) { 
          log.error("Error thrown while closing the reader: {}", e); 
        } 
      } 
    } 
  } 
   
  @Test 
  public void queryTest() { 
    SqlSession session = sqlSessionFactory.openSession(); 
    User user = (User)session.selectOne("com.john.hbatis.model.UserMapper.getUserById", 1); 
    log.info("{}: {}", user.getName(), user.getAddress()); 
  } 
} 

以接口方式交互数据

上面的环境搭建是采用SqlSession的通用方法并强制转换的方式,存在着转换安全的问题:

User user = (User)session.selectOne("com.john.hbatis.model.UserMapper.getUserById", 1); 

可以采用接口加sql语句的方式来解决,sql语句理解为是接口的实现:

1. 新建接口类:

package com.john.hbatis.mapper; 
 
import com.john.hbatis.model.User; 
 
public interface IUserMapper { 
  User getUserById(int id); 
} 

2. 修改User.xml文件,确保namespace属性值和接口的全限定名相同,且id属性值和接口方法名相同:

<mapper namespace="com.john.hbatis.mapper.IUserMapper"> 
  <select id="getUserById" 

3. 在MyBatisBasicTest类中添加测试方法:

@Test 
public void queryInInterfaceWayTest() { 
  SqlSession session = sqlSessionFactory.openSession(); 
  IUserMapper mapper = session.getMapper(IUserMapper.class); // 如果namespace和接口全限定名不一致,报org.apache.ibatis.binding.BindingException: Type interface com..IUserMapper is not known to the MapperRegistry异常。 
  User user = mapper.getUserById(1); 
  log.info("{}: {}", user.getName(), user.getAddress()); 
} 

附:

上面的实现是把sql语句放在XML文件中,并通过一定的约束来保证接口能够在XML中找到对应的SQL语句;

还有一种方式是通过接口+注解SQL方式来交互数据:

1. 新建接口类:

package com.john.hbatis.mapper; 
 
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Select; 
 
import com.john.hbatis.model.User; 
 
public interface IUserMapper2 { 
  @Select({ "select * from `user` where id = #{id}" }) 
  User getUserById(int id); 
} 

2. 在Configuration.xml文件中加入:

<mappers> 
  <mapper class="com.john.hbatis.mapper.IUserMapper2" /> 
</mappers> 

或在初始化语句中加入:

sqlSessionFactory.getConfiguration().addMapper(IUserMapper2.class); 

3. 相应修改上面的测试方法:

IUserMapper2 mapper = session.getMapper(IUserMapper2.class); 

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