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第一篇(二进制部署k8s集群---准备架构篇)

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-11-20 10:01 出处:51CTO 作者:Man_Docker
二进制部署k8s集群---准备架构篇

1、本文主要说明kubernetes集群的准备工作和安装的架构图。

集群架构图:

第一篇(二进制部署k8s集群---准备架构篇)

服务器清单:

第一篇(二进制部署k8s集群---准备架构篇)

2、服务器准备工作

升级内核:

yum -y install kernel-ml-5.7.8-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm kernel-ml-devel-5.7.8-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm

调整默认启动内核 
 cat /boot/grub2/grub.cfg | grep  menuentry
 查看是否设置成功
 grub2-editenv list

 重启服务器reboot

3、开启ipvs支持

cat > /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules <<EOF
#!/bin/bash
ipvs_modules="ip_vs ip_vs_lc ip_vs_wlc ip_vs_rr ip_vs_wrr ip_vs_lblc ip_vs_lblcr ip_vs_dh ip_vs_sh ip_vs_fo ip_vs_nq ip_vs_sed ip_vs_ftp"
for kernel_module in \${ipvs_modules}; do
    /sbin/modinfo -F filename \${kernel_module} > /dev/null 2>&1
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
        /sbin/modprobe \${kernel_module}
    fi
done
EOF

chmod 755 /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules

bash /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules

lsmod | grep ip_vs

关闭防火墙:

systemctl stop firewalld  && systemctl disable firewalld

关闭swap分区:

swapoff -a  && sed -i '/ swap / s/^\(.*\)$/#\1/g' /etc/fstab

关闭SELinux

setenforce 0
sed -i 's/SELinux=enforcing/SELinux=disabled/g' /etc/seLinux/config

修改文件句柄数

vim /etc/security/limits.conf
* soft nofile 65536
* hard nofile 65536
* soft nproc 65536
* hard nproc 65536
* soft  memlock  unlimited
* hard memlock  unlimited

修改系统参数

vim /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 10
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_stale_time = 120
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 5000
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 1024
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max = 2310720
fs.inotify.max_user_watches=89100
fs.may_detach_mounts = 1
fs.file-max = 52706963
fs.nr_open = 52706963
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 1
vm.swappiness = 0
vm.overcommit_memory=1
vm.panic_on_oom=0

sysctl --system

在生产环境建议预留内存,避免内存耗尽导致ssh连不上主机:

(32G的机器留2G,251的留3G, 500G的留5G)。下面是预留3G

echo 'vm.min_free_kbytes=3000000' >> /etc/sysctl.conf
sysctl -p

host文件编写:(后面多的事预留的)

[[email protected] nginx-web]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         local-alhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.206.31   k8s-master1
192.168.206.32   k8s-master2
192.168.206.33   k8s-master3
192.168.206.41   k8s-node1
192.168.206.42   k8s-node2
192.168.206.43   k8s-node3
192.168.206.44   k8s-node4
192.168.206.45   k8s-node5
192.168.206.46   k8s-node6
192.168.206.47   k8s-node7
192.168.206.48   k8s-node8
192.168.206.49   k8s-node9

服务器时间同步:

yum -y install ntp ntpdate
ntpdate 0.asia.pool.ntp.org
hwclock --systohc       
systemctl enable ntpd         
systemctl start ntpd
systemctl status ntpd

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