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Python调用Redis的示例代码

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2020-11-25 07:38 出处:网络 作者: LeoZhanggg
这篇文章主要介绍了Python调用Redis的示例代码,帮助大家更好的理解和学习python,感兴趣的朋友可以了解下
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
# *************************************
# @Time  : 2019/8/12
# @Author : Zhang Fan
# @Desc  : Library
# @File  : MyRedis.py
# @Update : 2019/8/23
# *************************************
import redis


class MyRedis(object):
  """
  ===================================================================
  =====================    MyRedis    ========================
  ===================================================================
  """
  def __init__(self):
    self.redis_conn = None
    self.redis_db = None

  def connect_to_redis(self, redis_host, redis_port=6379, db=0, password=None):
    """
    连接到Redis服务器
    """
    self.redis_db = db
    print('Executing : Connect To Redis | host={0}, port={1}, db={2}, password={3}'
           .format(redis_host, redis_port, self.redis_db, password))
    try:
      self.redis_conn = redis.StrictRedis(
        host=redis_host, port=redis_port, db=self.redis_db, password=password)
    except Exception as ex:
      logger.error(str(ex))
      raise Exception(str(ex))

  def redis_key_should_be_exist(self, name):
    """
    验证redis存在指定键
    """
    if not self.redis_conn.exists(name):
      logger.error(("Redis of db%s doesn't exist in key [ %s ]." % (self.redis_db, name)))
      raise AssertionError

  def redis_key_should_not_be_exist(self, name):
    """
    验证redis不存在指定键
    """
    if self.redis_conn.exists(name):
      logger.error(("Redis of db%s exist in key [ %s ]." % (self.redis_db, name)))
      raise AssertionError

  def getkeys_from_redis_bypattern(self, pattern, field=None):
    """
    获取redis所有键值
    """
    keys_list = list()
    print('Executing : Getall Key | %s' % pattern)
    if field is None:
      return self.redis_conn.keys(pattern)
    else:
      keys = self.redis_conn.keys(pattern)
      for key in keys:
        if not self.redis_conn.hget(key, field) is None:
          keys_list.append(key)
      return keys_list

  # ========================== String Type =============================
  def get_from_redis(self, name):
    """
    获取redis数据
    """
    print('Executing : Get Key | %s' % name)
    return self.redis_conn.get(name)

  def del_from_redis(self, name):
    """
    删除redis中的任意数据类型
    """
    return self.redis_conn.delete(name)

  def set_to_redis(self, name, data, expire_time=0):
    """
    设置redis执行key的值
    """
    return self.redis_conn.set(name, data, expire_time)

  def append_to_redis(self, name, value):
    """
    添加数据到redis
    """
    return self.redis_conn.append(name, value)

    # ========================== Hash Type ==========================
  def hgetall_from_redis(self, name):
    """
    获取redis hash所有数据
    """
    print('Executing : Hgetall Key | %s' % name)
    return self.redis_conn.hgetall(name)

  def hget_from_redis(self, name, key):
    """
    获取redis hash指定key数据
    """
    print('Executing : Hget Key | %s' % name)
    return self.redis_conn.hget(name, key)

  def hset_to_redis(self, name, key, data):
    """
    设置redis指定key的值
    """
    print(('Executing : Hset Redis | name={0}, key={1}, data={2}'
           .format(name, key, data)))
    return self.redis_conn.hset(name, key, data)

  def hdel_to_redis(self, name, *keys):
    """
    删除redis指定key的值
    """
    print('Executing : Hdel Key | ', *keys)
    self.redis_conn.hdel(name, *keys)

  # ========================= ZSet Type ================================
  def get_from_redis_zscore(self, name, values):
    """
    获取name对应有序集合中 value 对应的分数
    """
    try:
      return int(self.redis_conn.zscore(name, values))
    except:
      return self.redis_conn.zscore(name, values)

  def get_from_redis_zrange(self, name, start=0, end=10):
    """
    按照索引范围获取name对应的有序集合的元素
    """
    return self.redis_conn.zrange(name, start, end, desc=False, withscores=True, score_cast_func=int)

  def del_from_redis_zrem(self, name, values):
    """
    删除name对应的有序集合中值是values的成员
    """
    return self.redis_conn.zrem(name, values)

  def add_from_redis_zadd(self, name, value, score):
    """
    在name对应的有序集合中添加一条。若值存在,则修改对应分数。
    """
    return self.redis_conn.zadd(name, {value: score})

  def count_from_redis_zcard(self, name):
    """
    获取name对应的有序集合元素的数量
    """
    return self.redis_conn.zcard(name)


if __name__ == '__main__':
  print('This is test.')
  mr = MyRedis()

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