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Golang如何调用windows下的dll动态库中的函数

运维开发网 https://www.qedev.com 2022-04-01 02:24 出处:网络 作者: uxff
使用syscall调用packagemainimport(fmtsyscalltimeunsafe)const(MB_OK...

使用syscall调用

package main
import (
    "fmt"
    "syscall"
    "time"
    "unsafe"
)
const (
    MB_OK  编程客栈              = 0x00000000
    MB_OKCANCEL          = 0x00000001
    MB_ABORTRETRYIGNORE  = 0x00000002
    MB_YESNOCANCEL       = 0x00000003
    MB_YESNO             = 0x00000004
    MB_RETRYCANCEL       = 0x00000005
    MB_CANCELTRYCONTINUE = 0x00000006
    MB_ICONHAND          = 0x00000010
    MB_ICONQUESTION      = 0x00000020
    MB_ICONEXCLAMATION   = 0x00000030
    MB_ICONASTERISK      = 0x00000040
    MB_USERICON          = 0x00000080
    MB_ICONWARNING       = MB_ICONEXCLAMATION
    MB_ICONERROR         = MB_ICONHAND
    MB_ICONINFORMATION   = MB_ICONASTERISK
    MB_ICONSTOP          = MB_ICONHAND
    MB_DEFBUTTON1 = 0x00000000
    MB_DEFBUTTON2 = 0x00000100
    MB_DEFBUTTON3 = 0x00000200
    MB_DEFBUTTON4 = 0x00000300
)
func abort(funcname string, err syscall.Errno) {
    panic(funcname + " failed: " + err.Error())
}
var (
    //    kernel32, _        = syscall.LoadLibrary("kernel32.dll")
    //    getModuleHandle, _ = syscall.GetProcAddress(kernel32, "GetModuleHandleW")
    user32, _     = syscall.LoadLibrary("user32.dll")
    messageBox, _ = syscall.GetProcAddress(user32, "MessageBoxW")
)
func IntPtr(n int) uintptr {
    return uintptr(n)
}
func StrPtr(s string) uintptr {
    return uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(syscall.StringToUTF16Ptr(s)))
}
func MessageBox(caption, text string, style uintptr) (result int) {
    ret, _, callErr := syscall.Sy编程客栈scall9(messageBox,
        4,
        0,
        StrPtr(text),
        StrPtr(caption),
        style,
        0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
    if callErr != 0 {
        abort("Call MessageBox", callErr)
    }
    result = int(ret)
    return
}
//func GetModuleHandle() (handle uintptr) {
//    if ret, _, callErr := syscall.Syscall(getModuleHandle, 0, 0, 0, 0); callErr != 0 {
//        abort("Call GetModuleHandle", callErr)
//    } else {
//        handle = ret
//    }
//    return
//}
// windows下的第二种DLL方法调用
func ShowMessage2(title, text string) {
    user32 := syscall.NewLazyDLL("user32.dll")
    MessageBoxW := user32.NewProc("MessageBoxW")
    MessageBoxW.Call(IntPtr(0), StrPtr(text), StrPtr(title), IntPtr(0))
}
func main() {
    //    defer syscall.FreeLibrary(kernel32)
    defer syscall.FreeLibrary(user32)
    //fmt.Printf("Retern: %d\n", MessageBox("Done Title", "This test is Done.", MB_YESNOCANCEL))
    num := MessageBox("Done Title", "This test is Done.", MB_YESNOCANCEL)
    fmt.Printf("Get Retrun Value Befor编程客栈e MessageBox Invoked: %d\n", num)
    ShowMessage2("windows下的第二种DLL方法调用", "HELLO !")
    time.Sleep(3 * time.Second)
}
func init() {
    fmt.Print("Starting Up\n")
}

补充:go 调用windows dll 的三种方法

第三种方法是从Go\src\internal\syscall\windows\sysdll源码中找到的,三种方法的具体区别还不是很明晰,

初步判断:lazy应该是相当于动态库,其余两种直接把库加载到内存。

package main
import(
	"fmt"
	"syscall"
	"time"
    "u编程客栈nsafe"
)
const (
    MB_OK                = 0x00000000
    MB_OKCANCEL          = 0x00000001
    MB_ABORTRETRYIGNORE  = 0x00000002
    MB_YESNOCANCEL       = 0x00000003
    MB_YESNO             = 0x00000004
    MB_RETRYCANCEL       = 0x00000005
    MB_CANCELTRYCONTINUE = 0x00000006
    MB_ICONHAND          = 0x00000010
    MB_ICONQUESTION      = 0x00000020
    MB_ICONEXCLAMATION   = 0x00000030
    MB_ICONASTERISK      = 0x00000040
    MB_USERICON          = 0x00000080
    MB_ICONWARNING       = MB_ICONEXCLAMATION
    MB_ICONERROR         = MB_ICONHAND
    MB_ICONINFORMATION   = MB_ICONASTERISK
    MB_ICONSTOP          = MB_ICONHAND
 
    MB_DEFBUTTON1 = 0x00000000
    MB_DEFBUTTON2 = 0x00000100
    MB_DEFBUTTON3 = 0x00000200
    MB_DEFBUTTON4 = 0x00000300
)
 
func abort(funcname string, err syscall.Errno) {
    panic(funcname + " failed: " + err.Error())
}
 
var (
   
    user32, _     = syscall.LoadLibrary("http://www.cppcns.comuser32.dll")
    messageBox, _ = syscall.GetProcAddress(user32, "MessageBoxW")
)
 
func IntPtr(n int) uintptr {
    return uintptr(n)
}
 
func StrPtr(s string) uintptr {
    return uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(syscall.StringToUTF16Ptr(s)))
}
 
func MessageBox(caption, text string, style uintptr) (result int) {
    ret, _, callErr := syscall.Syscall9(messageBox,
        4,
        0,
        StrPtr(text),
        StrPtr(caption),
        style,
        0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
    if callErr != 0 {
        abort("Call MessageBox", callErr)
    }
    result = int(ret)
    return
}
 
//func GetModuleHandle() (handle uintptr) {
//    if ret, _, callErr := syscall.Syscall(getModuleHandle, 0, 0, 0, 0); callErr != 0 {
//        abort("Call GetModuleHandle", callErr)
//    } else {
//        handle = ret
//    }
//    return
//}
 
// windows下的第二种DLL方法调用
func ShowMessage2(title, text string) {
    user32 := syscall.NewLazyDLL("user32.dll")
    MessageBoxW := user32.NewProc("MessageBoxW")
    MessageBoxW.Call(IntPtr(0), StrPtr(text), StrPtr(title), IntPtr(0))
} 
 
// windows下的第三种DLL方法调用
func ShowMessage3(title, text string) {
    user32,_ := syscall.LoadDLL("user32.dll")
    MessageBoxW,_ := user32.FindProc("MessageBoxW")
    MessageBoxW.Call(IntPtr(0), StrPtr(text), StrPtr(title), IntPtr(0))
}
 
func main() {
    defer syscall.FreeLibrary(user32)
 
    num := MessageBox("Done Title", "This test is Done.", MB_YESNOCANCEL)
    fmt.Printf("Get Retrun Value Before MessageBox Invoked: %d\n", num)
    ShowMessage2("windows下的另一种DLL方法调用", "HELLO !")
	
	ShowMessage3("windows下的第三种DLL方法调用", "lyslyslys !")
 
    time.Sleep(3 * time.Second)
}
 
func init() {
    fmt.Print("Starting Up\n")
}
 
​

以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持我们。如有错误或未考虑完全的地方,望不吝赐教。

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